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日本首相菅直人辞职

所属:社会热点 作者:颜麦粥 来源:yahoo news 阅读:2265 次 评论:2 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

小编摘要:8月26日,日本首相宣布辞职,他执政接近15个月,因其政府对海啸和核危机的处理不当,而使得其支持率暴跌。

导读:8月26日,日本首相宣布辞职,他执政接近15个月,因其政府对海啸和核危机的处理而使得其支持率暴跌。他在电视讲话中表示将辞去日本民主党领导人一职,执政党将在周一投票选举新的领导人,这将是日本五年以来的第六位首相。

日本在面临着巨大的人口和经济问题时,却一职被高层政治领导的反复更换而困扰着。前外相前原诚司,一位国防专家,被认为有可能替代菅直人,财务部达成和贸易部长也是竞争者。

这一决定早在六月就已知晓,菅直人答应一旦过会通过三项关键的立法他就辞职。菅直人在职期间,已经尽力应对他所能应对的,其中包括自然灾害和选举的失败。三月份的地震和海啸导致了福岛第一核电站的泄露直接导致了他支持率的暴跌。灾后,他呼吁日本民众不要太依赖核能源,但这并未提升他的形象。

周六将宣布竞争者候选资格,经过周日的辩论,周一进行投票,新的内阁预计于周二重组。

TOKYO (AP) — Japanese Prime Minister Naoto Kan announced Friday he is resigning after almost 15 months in office, amid plunging approval ratings over his government's handling of the tsunami disaster and nuclear crisis.

In a nationally televised speech, Kan said he was stepping down as chief of the ruling Democratic Party of Japan, effectively ending his tenure as leader of the country. A ruling party vote on Monday will pick a new leader, who will officially replace Kan as prime minister — the country's sixth in five years.

Japan has been plagued by high turnover in political leadership at a time when the country faces huge problems, including an aging population, bulging debt and stagnant economy — and now reconstruction from the worst disaster to hit the country since World War II.

Former Foreign Minister Seiji Maehara, a 49-year-old expert in defense and a China hawk, is viewed as the front-runner to replace Kan. Finance Minister Yoshihiko Noda and Trade Minister Banri Kaieda are also viewed as contenders.

The decision was widely expected because in June, Kan had promised to quit once lawmakers passed three key pieces of legislation, the final two of which cleared the parliament earlier Friday. Kan managed to survive only a few months longer than the four previous prime ministers, who each lasted a year or less.

Looking back on his year and three months in office, Kan said he did all he could given difficulties he faced, including the disasters and a major election defeat in upper house elections last summer that left the parliament in gridlock.

"Under the severe circumstances, I feel I've done everything that I had to do," he said. "Now I would like to see you choose someone respectable as a new prime minister."

The 64-year-old Kan has seen his approval ratings tumble below 20 percent amid a perceived lack of leadership after the March 11 earthquake and tsunami, which led to meltdowns at three reactors at the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant.

Survivors have complained about slow recovery efforts, and radiation has spread into the air, water and some foods. Radiation leaking from the plant has declined dramatically as workers try to bring the plant to a cold shutdown by January.

Many of the 100,000 people who were evacuated from around the plant live in temporary housing or shelter, and have no idea when they will be able to return to their homes. Accumulated radiation in some locations may keep them away for a long time, government officials have said recently.

Kan was at least partly undone by persistent political infighting, including within his own party. While the public hungered for political cooperation and vision in the wake of the crisis, parliamentary sessions frequently descended into squabbling matches that have disillusioned with public.

It was a no-confidence motion in June submitted by an opposition bloc that prompted Kan in June to promise he would resign in a desperate attempt to keep his own party members from joining the vote.

In the wake of the crisis, Kan urged Japan to become less reliant on nuclear energy, but his appeal did little to boost his image.

Contenders will officially declare their candidacy on Saturday, followed by a debate on Sunday and party vote Monday. The new Cabinet is expected to be installed Tuesday.

Kan urged the Democrats to seek unity as they pick a new leader. A key player in the process remains party kingpin Ichiro Ozawa, who still wields enormous influence even though he lost to Kan in the party leadership election last September.

"I hope to see this party become one, where everyone from the young to the veterans can discuss policy actively and freely, then cooperate and act as one," Kan said.

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2011-08-26 17:19 编辑:颜麦粥
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