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火是什么

所属:听力板块 来源:普特英语听力 阅读:4074 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

小编摘要:人类对火的认识、使用和掌握,是人类认识自然,并利用自然来改善生产和生活的第一次实践。火的应用,在人类文明发展史上有极其重要的意义。从100多万年前的元谋人,到50万年前的北京人,都留下了用火的痕迹。

  What Is Fire?

火是物质燃烧过程中散发出光和热的现象,是能量释放的一种方式。火焰分为焰心、中焰和外焰,温度由内向外依次增高。燃烧过程必须有可燃物、燃点温度、氧化剂三项并存,缺一不可。火失控时,常常称作失火或火灾,危害甚大。



The ancient Greeks believed that fire--along with earth, water, and air--was one of the four essential elements that made up the world.

It’s one of our most important tools, and holds a prominent place in many ancient philosophies and religions.  The ancient Greeks believed that fire–along with earth, water, and air–was one of the four essential elements that made up the world.  We now know that the world’s a lot more complicated, with over a hundred elements of matter which can be combined in a tremendous variety of ways.  This might leave you wondering where fire fits in.  What exactly is fire?

Watching a flame dance through the air, you might conclude that fire’s a gas, like oxygen or carbon dioxide.  It’s not.  Fire can burn fuel that’s a gas, or a liquid, or even a solid–as in the case of glowing charcoal.  But the fire itself isn’t any of these things.  In fact, fire isn’t any thing at all.  It’s not its own type of matter; it’s something that matter can do.  Fire is a chemical reaction.

A fire needs oxygen and some kind of fuel.  This fuel–whether it’s candle wax, wood, or gasoline–usually contains big molecules that have carbon atoms inside them.  You can think of these molecules as little containers of energy.  When they’re allowed to combine with oxygen, this energy is released as heat and light.

Fire is a rapid chemical reaction known as oxidation.  Inside a fire, oxygen molecules break bigger molecules apart into carbon dioxide and water vapor.  All the heat and light of a fire comes from big, carbon-based molecules combining with oxygen. So what is fire?  It’s not the fuel or the oxygen or the heat or the light.  Fire is what happens between all these things.  It’s a chemical reaction.

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2011-08-25 19:07 编辑:pliny
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