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美国海军的秘密武器:动物军团

所属:社会热点 来源:The 21st Century 阅读:3029 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

小编摘要:上世纪90年代,美国海军就开始训练聪明的海豚和海狮来进行水下侦测行动。知道今年,包括CNN在内的少数几家媒体才有幸采访这一特殊的训练活动,揭开其神秘面纱。

 导读:从1960年开始,美国和少数几个国家就开始训练海豚和海狮来负责侦测水雷和潜水者,当然也包括恢复那些没有爆炸的鱼雷和帮助海军进行训练。美国海军一直保持这个秘密项目至90年代,在今年春季CNN才成为少数几个有机会一睹该项目运作方式的媒体。这些受过训练的海洋哺乳动物不仅帮助美国挽回了上百万美元的军事设备,还能够救赎生命。

In a little-known part of the counter-terrorism world, one of the most effective detection systems is a 600-pound animal that works for about 20 pounds of fish a day.

Since the 1960s, the United States and a handful of other countries have trained dolphins and sea lions to detect sea mines and swimmers, and to recover inert torpedoes and testing objects used in Naval exercises.

Program officials estimate that the sea lions in the Marine Mammal Program have recovered millions of dollars of U.S. Naval torpedoes and instrumentation dropped on the sea floor.

The U.S. Navy kept its Marine Mammal Program a secret until the 1990s, and this spring CNN became one of only a handful of media outlets to see firsthand how the program works.

The program trains about 75 Pacific bottlenose dolphins, with natural biosonar that tracks better than any manmade device; and 35 California sea lions, with superb underwater eyesight.

Not only do these trained marine mammals track and retrieve millions of dollars in U.S. military equipment, they are also helping to save lives.

The Navy won`t disclose whether the dolphins and sea lions have effectively intercepted terrorists attempting to do harm to any U.S. facilities.

"Either way, it serves as a deterrent effect." says Christian Harris, operations supervisor for the program.

The mammals can be deployed via C-130 cargo aircraft to perform their missions anywhere in the world within 72 hours. They have been used in exercises from Alaska to Hawaii, operating in great temperature and environmental ranges. They also have the capability to operate off vessels.

Dolphins most recently were deployed in the Iraq war, performing mine detection and clearance operations in the Persian Gulf to ensure safe passage for humanitarian ships delivering aid. Some of these Iraq war "veterans" are now back home, tasked with a new mission: guarding nuclear submarines in their homeports of Bremerton, Washington, and Groton, Connecticut.

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2011-08-17 06:33 编辑:Relaxkuma
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