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童年快乐的人中年更幸福

所属:生活杂谈 来源:中国英语网 阅读:2688 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

小编摘要:英国专家称,一个人如果在童年时期“积极活跃”,那么他也更有可能拥有幸福的“中年时代”。

Teens perceived by their teachers to having a "positive" childhood were more likely to have higher well-being in middle-age, British researchers say.

英国专家称,一个人如果在童年时期“积极活跃”,那么他也更有可能拥有幸福的“中年时代”。

 

童年快乐的人中年更幸福

 

Felicia Huppert of the University of Cambridge and colleagues analyzed data from 2,776 individuals who participated in the 1946 British birth study.

英国剑桥大学教授费利西娅和同事一道分析研究了2776名受试者的资料,他们都参与了1946年英国的出生调查。

Teachers rated teens ages 13 to 15 and gave each one point if the student made friends extremely easily and extremely energetic. The teachers also rated conduct problems - restlessness, daydreaming, disobedience, lying, etc. - and emotional problems - anxiety, fearfulness, diffidence, avoidance of attention, etc.

当时教师们就13至15岁这一年龄段的受试者的表现进行打分。那些交友容易且精力充沛的孩子均会获得1分。同时,教师们也就行为问题(多动、走神、叛逆、撒谎等)以及情绪问题(焦虑、恐惧、怯懦、无法集中精神等)打出了不同分数。

Decades later, the researchers found children with positive adolescence were much less likely than others to develop mental disorders throughout their lives.

几十年后,研究人员发现,青春期积极向上的孩子们在以后生活中产生心理问题的可能性更小。

The study, published in The Journal of Positive Psychology, found teens rated positively by their teachers were significantly more likely than those who received no positive ratings to have higher work satisfaction, more frequent contact with family and friends, and more regular engagement in social and leisure activities.

该项研究目前被刊载于《积极心理学期刊》上。研究指出,与那些被教师评为“不积极”的学生相比而言,那些被评价为积极向上的学生更容易在工作中获得满足感、与家人和朋友沟通更多,而在社交与休闲活动中参与度也更高。

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2011-08-16 16:56 编辑:kuaileyingyu
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