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新托福口语大冲关--Task5&6实例赏析

所属:新托福 来源:新托福考试网 阅读:2033 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

小编摘要:口语无论如何复习,也难以做到百分之百的把握。让我们跟从名师的思路,学习学习TASK5,6的分析方法吧。

 在口语考试中,Task1和Task2属于Independent Speaking的Personal reference,Task3 和Task6属于Integrated Speaking。你可以把初期复习计划定为一个月,先做两套完整口语试题,发现问题所在,一般前两部分相对简单,大多数托友的问题集中在Task3 和Task6之间,尤其是Task5和Task6。大家可以把2/3时间用于做针对练习上,不用每次一做题就一套,这样反而会浪费你宝贵而又有限的复习时间,毛主席有一特别著名的作战方略:重点分散,各个击破!运用在这里未尝不可。

实例1:

sing points and examples from the talk, describe the duties of different types of managers in large hotels.

Sample answer
General Manager is responsible for the overall operation of the hotel. He directs other department managers. Controller manager is responsible for the financial problems. He manages money and other managers can consult him for financial problem. Sales manager is responsible for market and advertising.

解析
(1)固定短语的重复使用。在实例1中不难发现其重复使用了is responsible for这一固定短语,这样会让考官误解其词汇量贫乏而影响到其口语得分。其实有多个短语都可以用来表示。
Be skilled/ professional in something.
She is extremely professional in her approach to her job;
Be well informed about;
Be conversant with something.
The conductor is conversant with all of the instruments of the orchestra.
Be well up on something.
He is well up on Japanese art.
(2)direct和manage这两个词用得很出彩!direct 修饰人或者物时表示管理、监督、指导,和manage, control可以互换来使用。这位托友这里就很好地避免了词汇的重复使用,体现了语言的多样性。此外,direct something to/ at somebody这是一个非常实用的短语,表示让某人或者某类人注意自己所说的话或所做的事。For example, advertising directed mainly at young consumers主要针对年轻消费者的广告。大家要在平常有目的地多多积累这些同义词汇,对体现你的口语表达的多样性能够起到很大的作用。
(3)专有名词的正确使用。Controller manager这种表达有所偏差,hotel controller是正确的表达方法。大家要多多记忆一些专有名词,这里就不一一列举了。从文章总体来看,这位托友已经掌握了听力的关键信息,但是在深度回答问题方面还有提高的空间。

实例2
Using points and examples from the lecture, explain how two features of the earth’s surface influence climate.

Sample answer
There are two features of the earth’s surface which influence the climate. The first one is ocean current. The second one is landforms. The ocean current is first influenced by wind. It often comes from the warm place to cold place. So the cold place is warmed by ocean current. Landforms which included mountains also influence the climate. The wind from one side of a mountain becomes cold and drier. The other side of the mountain becomes warmer and drier.

解析
(1) 心态的重要性。这道题是关于地理方面,稍显生僻,在考试中,题目所涉及的领域也许和大家所学的专业完全无关,这时候大家千万不要慌,心态很重要。因为考试并不要求你一定要具备相关专业知识,你只要很好地记录听力材料中的关键信息,然后再把它整合成一个小的短文说出来就可以了。正如上面实例的托友他本身是学习计算机通讯专业的,但是我认为他这篇文章的基本架构把握得还可以。
(2) influence可以和affect交替使用!
(3) 关键信息把握的遗漏。上面对影响气候的第二个地球表面特征---Landform的陈述,感觉欠缺一个主旨句。这样就显得表述有些薄弱。如果加上:Mountains interrupt the flow of winds and storms.这样就更加充分了!
(4)W: The wind from one side of a mountain becomes cold and drier. The other side of the mountain becomes warmer and drier.
R: The air on one side of a mountain is cool and moist. The air on the other side of the mountain is warm and dry.

标签:托福 TOFEL
1
2011-08-18 18:45 编辑:freya无痕
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