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太阳会消失吗?

所属:听力板块 来源:普特英语听力 阅读:4335 次 评论:2 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

小编摘要:没有什么是绝对的永恒的,恒星亦不尽然。珍惜眼前的,在拥有时尽情享受。

So Long, Sun

再见了,太阳

 

D: Wow! What a beautiful sunset.

Y: Enjoy it while it lasts, thesun won‘t be around forever, you know.

D: You mean, one day the sunwill disappear?

Y: Not exactly disappear, butthe sun will eventually burn out and die.

D: Won't that make things reallycold down here?

Y: Actually, there won't be anyhere, here. When the sun dies,the earth will be destroy too.

D: Wow, hold on, start from thebeginning.

Y: Okay. Like all stars, the sunis basically a giant nuclear reactor that burns hydrogen to create energy. Butlike any reactor, the sun needs fuel to keep going. It’s been going strong foraround four-point-five billion years, and will probably keep burning for aboutfive billion more.

D: But then, the fuel will runout?

Y: Exactly. When it does,gravity will cause the sun’s core to contract. When it contracts the core willget hotter, which will heat up the sun’s upper layers and make them expand. Thesun will then become what’s called a red giant, and its radius will reach justpast the orbit of Venus.

D: Which is bad for us.

Y: We’ll be burned to a crisp.

D: That's sounds painful.

Y: After a few billion years thecore will begin to cool and expand. The sun’s upper layers will expand and losematerial, and eventually the core will cool enough to become a white dwarfstar, and finally a black dwarf.

D: So, we’re pretty much doomed.

Y: Yes, but not for billions of years.Who knows? By then, human's might been living on another planet.

 

  

 

D: 哇!多么美丽的夕阳啊!

Y: 尽情欣赏吧,太阳不会永远存在的。

D: 你的意思是,有朝一日太阳会消失?

Y: 不是完全消失,太阳的能量最后会耗尽并枯竭。

D: 那样的话,地球就会变得很冷了。

Y: 实际上,那时地球就不存在了。没有了太阳,地球也将毁灭。

D: 等一下,你从头开始说。

Y: 好的。像所有的行星一样,太阳从根本上说,是一个巨型核反应堆,通过燃烧氢气产生能量。但是,就像任一反应堆,太阳需要燃料来保持运作。它已经良好运作大约45亿年了,并且将会持续燃烧50亿年左右。

D: 到那时,燃料就会耗尽。

Y: 是的。当太阳能量耗尽,地心引力会使得太阳核心缩小。缩小地同时温度变得更得高,这样就加剧了太阳外层的燃烧并使其膨胀。太阳就变成了所谓哦红巨星,它的半径将会达到以前金星的运行轨道。

D: 那样会对我们有害。

Y: 我们会被烧成土豆片的。

D: 听起来很痛苦。

Y: 数十亿年后太阳中心开始冷却并扩大。太阳的上层也将扩大,失去物质重量,最后中心冷却到一定程度就成了白矮星,最终成黑矮星。

D: 那时,我们就注定要完蛋了。

Y: 是的。但那是几十亿年以后的事了。谁知道呢?到那时,人类也许已经生活在另一个星球上了。

标签:太阳消失
6
2011-08-09 21:44 编辑:pliny
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