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专八改错练习及答案解析 10

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小编摘要:改错是个难点,但也是重点。多做练习会让我们了解出题人的思路,也会帮助我们掌握解题技巧。

 A great many cities are experiencing difficulties which are nothing new in the history of cities, except in their scale. Some cities have lost their
original purpose and have not found new one. And any large or rich city is __1__
going to attract poor immigrants, who flood in, filling with hopes of __2__
prosperity which are then often disappointing. There are backward towns on the
edge of Bombay or Brasilia, just as though there were on the edge of __3__
seventeenth-century London or early nineteenth-century Paris. This is new is __4__
the scale. Descriptions written by eighteenth-century travelers of the poor of
Mexico City, and the enormous contrasts that was to be found there, are very __5__
dissimilar to descriptions of Mexico City today—the poor can still be numbered __6__
in millions.
The whole monstrous growth rests on economic prosperity, but behind it lies __7__
two myths; the myth of the city as a promised land, that attracts immigrants __8__
from rural poverty and brings it flooding into city centers, and the myth of the __9__
country as a Garden of Eden, which, a few generations late, sends them flood __10__
-ing out again to the suburbs.

 
参考答案及解析:

1. 在new one前加a
这里one指代上下文中的可数名词purpose,因此该词前要有限定词。

2. 将filling改为filled
在这里,非谓语动词fill与句子的who(poor immigrants)之间是逻辑动宾关系,因此要使用过去分词来表示被动意义。

3. 去掉though

4. 将this改为what
根据句子结构,我们可以看出这里需要一个关系代词,它既能引导主语从句,同时也可以在从句中作主语,这个关系代词就是what。如:
What I like in a good author is not what he says,but what he whispers。

5. 将was改为were
that引导定语从句,其先行词是descriptions…and the enormous contrasts,因此谓语动词be要用复数。

6. 将dissimilar 改为 similar
这里要表示的是“共同,相似”之处。

7.将lies 改为lie
behind it lie two myths 是个倒装句,主语为two myths,可见谓语动词要使用复数。

8. 将that改为which
这里是一个非限制性定语从句,因此不可用that,而要用which。

9. 将it改为them
复数名词immigrants的代词,所以要用复数形式。

10. 将late改为later。

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2011-08-12 10:15 编辑:Day_Day_Up1990
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