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环境对儿童有多大影响?

所属:听力板块 作者:颜麦粥 来源:VOA 阅读:2603 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

小编摘要:儿童的健康和周围的环境对他们的成长到底有多大影响呢?是否有需要为了孩子健康成长而对一些问题做出改变呢?

导读:儿童的成长环境会不会对他们的成长有影响呢?就是这样一个课题成为了美国有史以来最大的健康研究焦点。那这个课题究竟是怎么样展开的呢?规模到底有多大呢,又是否有家长愿意参加呢?一起来听一下美国之音的报道吧。

这是美国之音慢速英语健康频道。
This is the VOA Special English Health Report.
美国有史以来最大的健康研究之一将关注于环境对儿童成长的影响。
One of the largest health studies ever done in the United States will look at environmental influences on children.
本次研究将致力于调查影响儿童健康以及成长发展的各种环境和遗传的因素。
The study will examine the many environmental and genetic factors that affect the health of children and the adults they become.
美国国立卫生研究院的史蒂夫·赫兹菲尔德博士是这次研究的带头人。测试项目已经启动,他表示全国儿童研究的主要工作将于明年开始。
Dr. Steven Hirshfeld at the National Institutes of Health is the study director. Test projects have already begun, and he says the main part of the National Children's Study will begin next year.
史蒂夫·赫兹菲尔德:“我们的目标是研究如何使得最健康最强壮的儿童成长为一名健康且对有贡献的成人社会成员之一。”
STEVEN HIRSHFELD: "Our goal is to understand how you can get the healthiest, most robust child to develop into a healthy and contributing member of adult society."
调查者们意欲研究全美国十万名儿童,信息的采集的时间跨度为从出生前开始一直到二十一周岁为止。
Researchers want to study one hundred thousand children across America. The study will collect information from before they are born until they are twenty-one years old.
全国有七个研究中心供父母们参加此项研究。詹妮弗是一位三个月的孕妇,她已经跟加州大学洛杉矶分校的研究中心签署了参与此项研究的协议。
There are seven centers around the country where parents can join the study. Jennifer, three months pregnant, signed up for the study at the University of California, Los Angeles.
詹妮弗:“嗯,住在洛杉矶让我我担心的是,比如,明显地来讲比如,空气污染和烟雾等一些那样的东西。并且,你知道我同样担心我所吃的东西,比如食物是否为转基因?是否为有机食物?还有,这些食物是否会添加化学成分或者是防腐剂等?这些东西将如何影响未出生的宝宝?”
JENNIFER: "Well, living in Los Angeles, I'm concerned, like, obviously about the pollution and the smog and that kind of stuff. And, you know, I'm also concerned about what I put in my body, like is the food genetically modified? Like, is the food organic? Like, do they add chemicals or preservatives to things and, like, how do those things have an effect on an unborn child?"
加州大学洛杉矶分校的研究者们将一些问题比如他们为洛杉矶地区四千的儿童做研究。同时,他们也计划对农村地区一千名儿童进行研究。其目标是观察附近农场的农药使用对儿童健康可能产生的影响。
Researchers at UCLA will consider questions like these as they study four thousand children in the Los Angeles area. They also plan to study one thousand children in a rural area. The aim is to see what effect pesticides used on nearby farms might have on the children's health.
迈克·卢博士是加州大学洛杉矶分校的领头调查员之一。
Dr. Michael Lu is one of the lead investigators at UCLA.
迈克·卢:“我们在观察很多非常重要的儿童健康状况例如哮喘,自闭症,早产和出生缺陷,肥胖和糖尿病以及各种行为和学习问题。”
MICHAEL LU: "We're examining a number of very important child conditions such as asthma and autism, pre-term birth and birth defects, obesity and diabetes and various behavioral and learning problems."
研究者们也调查精神健康病症。
The researchers will also study mental health disorders.
迈克·卢:“我认为这项研究很有可能会改变我们看待儿童健康和成长的方式。”
MICHAEL LU: "I think this study has the potential to change the way we look at childhood health and development."
全国儿童研究的目标是创建一个全世界的研究者们都可以利用的基地。赫兹菲尔德博士,作为这次研究的领头人,表示这些信息将帮助解决一些疑难问题。
The goal of the National Children's Study is to create a database that researchers around the world can use. Dr. Hirshfeld, the study director, says this information could help solve some unanswered questions.
史蒂夫·赫兹菲尔德:“我们缺乏很多有关影响儿童健康和成长的重要因素,而这些因素会成为一些成人慢性状况的基础。”
STEVEN HIRSHFELD: "We have knowledge gaps in many of the most important factors that influence not only the health and well-being and development of children, but that begin the foundations of what could turn into chronic conditions for adults."
这项研究的结果将在合适的时候公之于众。这些信息将有助于在显存法律中有关儿童健康和环境的变动和新政策。如此做的希望就是儿童能够更健康地生活,成长为健康的成人。
Findings from the study will be released as they become available. The information could lead to new policies and changes in existing laws on child health and the environment. The hope is that children can live healthier lives and grow into healthier adults.
这就是美国之音慢速英语健康频道的报道,由卡迪·威孚尔和卡洛斯·皮尔森公告,您可以在51voa.com观看有关全国儿童调查的视频。我是鲍勃·道迪。
And that's the VOA Special English Health Report, by Caty Weaver and Carol Pearson. You can watch a video about the National Children's Study at 51voa.com. I'm Bob Doughty.
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2011-08-09 07:15 编辑:颜麦粥
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