This is the VOA Special English Education Report.
No one likes to make mistakes. But a new study says organizations learn more from their failures than their successes, and keep that knowledge longer.
科罗拉多大学丹佛商学院（University of Colorado Denver Business School）的助理教授维尼特·德赛（Vinit Desai）是研究者之一，与他合作研究的是来自犹他州杨百翰大学（Brigham Young University）麦里特商学院（Marriott School of Management）的彼得·马德森（Peter Madsen）。
One of the researchers was Vinit Desai, an assistant professor at the University of Colorado Denver Business School. He worked with Peter Madsen from the Marriott School of Management at Brigham Young University in Utah.
They did not find much long-term "organizational learning" from success. It is possible, they say. But Professor Desai says they found that knowledge gained from failure lasts for years.
He says organizations should treat failures as a learning opportunity and not try to ignore them.
The study looked at companies and organizations that launch satellites and other space vehicles. Professor Desai compared two shuttle flights.
In two thousand two, a piece of insulating material broke off during launch and damaged a rocket on the Atlantis. Still, the flight was considered a success.
Then, in early two thousand three, a piece of insulation struck the Columbia during launch. This time, the shuttle broke apart on re-entry and the seven crew members died. NASA officials suspended all flights and an investigation led to suggested changes.
Professor Desai says the search for solutions after a failure can make leaders more open-minded. He points to airlines as an example of an industry that has learned from failures in the past.
他建议组织机构从小的失败，以及他们避免了的失败中寻找有用信息，同时主张领导者应该鼓励信息共享。该研究论文发表在管理学学术期刊上（Academy of Management Journal）。
He advises organizations to look for useful information in small failures and failures they avoided. He also urges leaders to encourage the open sharing of information. The study appeared in the Academy of Management Journal.
The mistakes we learn from do not have to be our own. We recently asked people on our Facebook page to tell us a time they had done something really silly.
Fabricio Cimino wrote: Not long ago I wanted to watch TV, but it wouldn't turn on, so I did everything I could to start it. Thirty minutes later my mum shows up and, passing by, says to me "Did you try plugging it?" I was like "I'm just dusting, Mum!" so she wouldn't notice how dumb I am sometimes!
Bruno Kanieski da Silva讲的是有一次他翻遍了所有地方找钥匙，结果钥匙就在他的兜里。他写道：我常常发誓说再也不犯这种错误了，但是几周后……我的钱包哪去了？当然它在它该在的地方。
Bruno Kanieski da Silva told about a time he looked everywhere for his key. It was in his pocket. He wrote: I always promise I will never do it again, but after a few weeks ... where is my wallet? For sure it will be in a very logical place.
2011-08-03 09:32 编辑：crystal156
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