This is the VOA Special English Economics Report.
对许多大学毕业生来说，六月意味着一项大考验 -- 来自就业市场的考验。祝他们好运。5月份，美国20至24岁之间的人口失业率为14.7%，这比全国失业率高出5个百分点。
June means one more big test for many students finishing college -- a test of the job market. Wish them luck. Americans age twenty to twenty-four faced an unemployment rate in May of fourteen and seven-tenths percent. That was five percentage points higher than the national rate.
This week, Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke said his "best guess" is for a continued economic recovery. But the central bank chief expects unemployment to remain high for some time because of slow job creation. So where does that leave this year's graduates?
美国大学和雇主协会(National Association of Colleges and Employers，简称NACE)表示，大约有1/4的求职者找到了工作，这和去年相比略有提高，但和经济危机前一年2007年相比，这个数字大幅下降，起薪也有所下降。
The National Association of Colleges and Employers says about one-fourth of those who applied for a job have found one. NACE says that is up a little from last year. But the number is down sharply from two thousand seven, the year before the financial crash. Starting pay is also down.
Josh Safran graduated from American University in Washington with a business degree. He is still looking for a job.
JOSH SAFRAN: "Once you get noticed by a company, it gets a lot easier, but it's so hard to get noticed because there's so many people looking for so few jobs."
One way to get noticed is through an internship program, says Reuben Smith-Vaughn, another graduate of American University.
REUBEN SMITH-VAUGHN: "I know I personally got my job that way. And the people that worked there before me got their jobs that way. So I think it's a key when getting a job."
Internships may offer little or no money. Some students even pay for them. But NACE says ninety-two percent of the employers it asked had plans to hire interns this year.
美国劳动部《职业前景手册》（Occupational Outlook Handbook，简称OOH）提供了一项截至2018年的就业市场预测。生物医学工程预计将增长最高。
The Occupational Outlook Handbook published by the Labor Department offers job market predictions through twenty eighteen. The highest growth is expected in biomedical engineering.
Twenty-two year old Sarah Kramer just got her degree in biomedical engineering from Columbia University in New York. She found a job with a major consulting company in Washington. But her search was not easy.
SARAH KRAMER: "I started in August before my senior year. And I set up appointments with career services. I applied to about a hundred and fifty jobs. I went on maybe fifteen interviews."
Ms. Kramer says many of her friends have not found jobs. Many have chosen to go to graduate school instead. But she has suggestions for students entering their final year of college who want a job when they graduate.
SARAH KRAMER: "Well, advice for a rising senior is to start early. Take advantage of your career services at your school as much as you can. And don't give up, and just keep applying to as many jobs as you can."
Josh Safran says he may have to do what a growing number of recent college graduates are doing.
JOSH SAFRAN: "Worst-case scenario, if I don't find a job by the end of August, I move back with my parents."
2011-08-03 09:06 编辑：crystal156
What do Chinese college graduates have in common with ants? The recent book "Ant Tribes", about the life of some young people who flock to Beijing after leaving university, depicts
The Chinese youths who graduated from college in 2006 have, on average, change jobs twice within the first three years of their careers, according to a report released by Mycos, an