在线词典,在线翻译

英国女性比其他欧洲女性更易患癌

所属:社会热点 来源:The Guardian 阅读:2472 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

小编摘要:酒精和肥胖是危害英国女性健康的两大隐形杀手,这导致英国女性比其他欧洲女性患癌风险增大。

导读:世界癌症研究基金会指出,数据显示英国女性在75岁的癌症罹患率要其他欧洲女性高出4.1%,同等条件下,英国男性的罹患率要低1.7个百分点。英国女性患癌风险高,嗜酒和过度肥胖是一定原因。


alcohol and obesity are factors that make British women

<The World Cancer Research Fund says alcohol and obesity are factors that make British women more likely to develop cancer than European women. Photograph: Cathal Mcnaughton/PA>

British women are nearly a fifth more likely to develop cancer at some point during their lives than their European counterparts, with lifestyle factors such as obesity and alcohol consumption likely to be partly responsible, a cancer charity has said.

The World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF), which campaigns on cancer and lifestyle issues, said data showed women in the UK had a 25.1% chance of developing any type of cancer by the time they reached 75, as against 21.4% of women elsewhere in Europe.

The study is based on figures compiled by the International Agency for Research on Cancer, part of the UN's World Health Organisation (WHO).

British men have marginally better cancer rates than those elsewhere in Europe, with a 27.8% chance of being diagnosed by the age of 75 against 29.5% for men elsewhere in Europe.

The WCRF, which estimates that about 80,000 UK cancer cases could be prevented each year through physical activity, better diet, lower alcohol use and reduced obesity, said it believed similar lifestyle factors played a role in these statistics.

Earlier this year, a study in the Lancet found that British women had the highest average body mass index among 19 western European nations, of 26.9. This figure, which compares weight against height, counts as overweight by WHO guidelines.

Various studies have also indicated that British women tend to drink more than those in many other European countries, particularly younger women, where the prevalence of diseases associated with alcohol abuse has soared.

Dr Rachel Thompson of the WCRF said alcohol and obesity formed "one of the big public health challenges we face today". She said: "They are not the only reasons for the differing cancer rates, but there is now very strong evidence that women who drink a lot of alcohol are at increased risk of developing the disease and that excess body fat is also an important risk factor."

Ciarán Devane, chief executive of Macmillan Cancer Support, said the WCRF figures were "very worrying".

He added: "Leading a healthy, active lifestyle and eating a diet of fresh fruit, vegetables and foods that are whole grain and also limiting alcohol intake may reduce the risk of getting cancer and cancer recurrence. However, it's important to remember that cancer can also be caused by many other factors such as age, lifestyle habits and genetic make up.

"The number of people who will get cancer is now well past one in three, and there are many more people with cancer today than there were 10 years ago. By making small adjustments to their diet and lifestyles both British men and women can go a long way to helping us tackle this ever growing issue."

正在加载单词列表...
2
2011-08-04 15:32 编辑:jeannn
分享到:
关注海词微博:
发表评论:
表达一些您的想法吧!已有0条评论>>
登录,再发表评论
文明上网,理性发言!
您可能还感兴趣的文章:
>>精华推荐阅读
热门评论文章