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进口食品引发肥胖

所属:听力板块 作者:crystal156 阅读:4251 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

小编摘要:在青少年常患的疾病中,肥胖症正已越来越迅猛的增长态势侵害着孩子们的健康发展。世界卫生组织表示,导致肥胖发生率变高的的一个主要原因就是进口食品的摄入。

 

世界卫生组织(World Health Organization)称,肥胖率在太平洋岛屿国家正呈现上升趋势。因此,健康问题也是由体重超标引起的。
The World Health Organization says obesity rates are rising in Pacific island countries. So, too, are health problems linked to being overweight.
世界卫生组织说,导致肥胖率上升的主要原因是进口食品的增加。许多太平洋岛民已经用进口的加工食品取代了他们传统饮食中的蔬菜和水果。
The WHO says a major reason for the rising obesity rates is an increase in imported foods. It says many Pacific islanders have replaced their traditional diets of vegetables and fruits with imported processed foods.
Dr. Temu Waqanivalu是世界卫生组织南太平洋办公室的工作人员,该办公室位于斐济苏瓦(Suva,Fiji)。他说,许多进口产品缺乏营养价值,但是随处可见,而且比健康食品便宜。
Dr. Temu Waqanivalu is with the World Health Organization's South Pacific office in Suva, Fiji. He says many of the imported products lack nutritional value. But they are widely available, he says, and often cost less than healthier foods.
Temu Waqanivalu:“在一些地方,你会惊奇地看到一瓶可乐比一瓶水更便宜。我认为这代表着我们造成的一种非正常环境,这种环境无法使我们人类的生活方式更美好。
TEMU WAQANIVALU: "In some of the places, you'd be amazed to see how a bottle of Coke is cheaper than a bottle of water. I think that represents the kind of off-environment we've created that doesn't really encourage or make lifestyle choices an easy choice for the population."
Dr. Waqanivalu说进口食品的增加只是部分原因。此外,农业生产问题限制了健康食品的供应,而太平洋岛民缺乏身体锻炼也加重了肥胖问题。
Dr. Waqanivalu says the increase in imported foods is only part of the problem. He says problems with agriculture production limit the availability of healthier foods. And a lack of physical activity among many Pacific islanders only adds to the obesity problem.
世界卫生组织称至少有10个太平洋岛屿国家中50%以上的人口体重超标。美属殖民地萨摩亚群岛(American Samoa)的妇女肥胖率是80%。斐济的肥胖率最低,仅为30%。
The WHO says more than fifty percent of the population is overweight in at least ten Pacific island countries. The rate is as high as eighty percent among women in the territory of American Samoa. Fiji had the lowest obesity rate at thirty percent.
总之,太平洋岛国有将近一千万人口。世界卫生组织预计大约有40%的人存在与饮食和营养相关的健康失调问题。
In all, almost ten million people live in Pacific island countries. The WHO estimates that about forty percent of them have health disorders related to diet and nutrition.
糖尿病患病率跻身于世界前列。47%的美属萨摩亚人患有糖尿病。新西兰殖民地托克劳(Tokelau)是44%。
Diabetes rates are among the highest in the world. Forty-seven percent of the people in American Samoa have diabetes. So do forty-four percent of the people in Tokelau, a territory of New Zealand.
相比而言,美国也有由肥胖引起的其他问题,但是糖尿病患病率是30%。
By comparison, the diabetes rate is thirteen percent in the United States, a country that has its own problems with rising obesity.
官员们还注意到太平洋岛民贫血和饮食中缺少维生素A等营养问题也在上升。Dr. Waqanivalu说肥胖和饮食的治疗状况给有限的医疗资源和预算带来了压力。
Officials also note an increase in nutritional problems like anemia and not enough vitamin A in the diets of Pacific islanders. Dr. Waqanivalu says treating conditions related to obesity and diet puts pressure on limited health resources and budgets.
今年早些时候,岛屿国家领导人在瓦努阿图(Vanuatu)召开的首届太平洋食品峰会上会晤。 Dr. Waqanivalu表示,问题终于得到了应有的重视。
Earlier this year, leaders of island nations met in Vanuatu for the first-ever Pacific Food Summit. Dr. Waqanivalu says the issues are finally getting the attention they deserve.
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2011-08-01 11:34 编辑:crystal156
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