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教你制作干鱼或熏鱼(2)

所属:听力板块 作者:crystal156 阅读:3325 次 评论:1 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

小编摘要:熏鱼主要产自江苏、浙江、上海一带,作为当地过年必备的食品。熏鱼不仅汁液浓厚,鱼肉鲜甜,而且又是一道养生佳肴:温中补虚,有利湿、暖胃和平肝、祛风等功效。

 

这里是美国之音慢速英语发展报道。
This is the VOA Special English Development Report.
今天我们讲述怎样制作干鱼或熏鱼的第二部分。
Today we have the second of two reports explaining how to prepare fish by drying or smoking them.
上周我们讲到了清洗和腌制刚捕获的鱼的首个步骤,你可以登录我们的网站51voa.com查看相关说明。
We talked last week about the first steps of cleaning and salting freshly caught fish. The directions can be found on our Website 51voa.com.
为了把鱼晾干,你需要一个干燥台或悬挂点。如果使用干燥台,应该在干燥台上铺上金属网或具有间隙的木格栅。
To dry fish, you will need either a drying table or a place to hang them. If a table is used, it should have a top made of wire screen or thin pieces of wood with space between each piece.
将仍然潮湿,经过清洗、腌制的鱼摊放到干燥台上面,鱼和鱼之间不要接触到。确保鱼四周的空气流通,包括鱼上方和下方。
Lay the cleaned and salted fish still wet on the table. Do not let them touch each other. Be sure that air can flow around the fish from all sides, including the top and bottom.
第一天,在干燥台下方点一小堆熏烟赶走苍蝇。之后,你可以在鱼上方覆盖一层薄布来防止苍蝇,注意布不要接触到鱼。
Build a small smoky fire under the drying table for the first day to keep the flies away. After that, you can keep the flies away by covering the fish with a thin cloth. Do not let the cloth touch the fish.
在干燥的过程中避免阳光直射会使鱼的味道更好,为此我们可以将干燥台置于树下。隔天将鱼翻转一次。如果空气干燥,小鱼大约3天就能晾干,大鱼将需要7到10天。
Fish taste better if they are out of bright sunlight while they are being dried. For best results, put the drying table under a tree. Turn the fish over every other day. Small fish will dry in about three days if the air is dry. Large fish will take a week or ten days to dry.
鱼晾干后,将他们放到篮子里,并用干净纸张或大树叶盖好。然后将篮子放置在远离地面的阴凉干燥处。
After the fish have dried, place them in a basket. Cover them with clean paper or large leaves. Then put the basket in a cool, dry place off the ground.
在熏鱼前必须尽可能的将鱼中的盐水排出。熏制需要使用一个大的、圆形的金属容器。可以把汽油桶之类的大圆桶顶部去掉,并在桶底部的边上开个孔制成熏制容器。
Make sure as much of the saltwater as possible is removed before you smoke the fish. The smoking can be done in a large, round metal container. Remove the top of the drum and cut a small opening on one side at the bottom.
圆桶顶部盖上铁丝网,这就是放鱼的地方。通过底部边上开的孔在圆桶中烧堆小火。
Cover the top with a strong wire screen. This is where you put the fish. Build a small fire in the drum by reaching in through the opening at the bottom.
果树木材是熏鱼的最佳燃料。这种木材可以使熏鱼色味俱全。山核桃、橡树、梣木等硬木木材也可以。
Wood from fruit trees makes good fuel for your fire. The wood will give the smoked fish good color and taste. Hardwoods such as hickory, oak and ash also burn well.
最重要的是保持小火,这样才不会把鱼烧焦。熏鱼需要浓烟小火。一种产生浓烟的办法是使用湿木材,而不是干木材。
It is important to keep the fire small, so it does not burn the fish. You want a lot of smoke but very little flame. One way to get a lot of smoke is to use green wood, not dried wood.
将鱼用烟熏制5天,如果你计划保存很长时间就多熏几天。鱼熏好后,将鱼从熏制容器上取下来并冷却,然后用干净的纸包起来。
You should smoke the fish for five days or longer if you plan to store them for a long time. After you finish smoking the fish, remove them and let them cool. Then wrap them in clean paper.
将鱼放在篮子并放置在远离地面的阴凉干燥处,干鱼在食用前务必要保持完全干燥。
Put the fish in baskets and keep them in a cool, dry place off the ground. Dried fish must be kept completely dry until they are eaten.
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2011-08-01 10:41 编辑:crystal156
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