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新托福口语大冲关--记笔记的技巧(综合口语任务)

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小编摘要:综合性更强的几道口语题目对考生记笔记和抓重点的能力又是一大考验。一起来看看综合口语任务中什么小技巧可以帮你事半功倍的完成60秒左右的陈述。

 Note-taking in the Integrated Tasks
1. Reading—Listening—Speaking
第3题和第4题以试题中的阅读和听力材料为基础,要求考生回答相关问题。即Reading-Listening-Speaking,具体步骤是首先要求考生在45秒内阅读一篇短文,一般只含一个段落,随后短文隐去,播放一段与短文相关的对话或课堂演讲,其长度大约为1分半钟(比listening section中的材料篇幅要短)。最后,要求考生根据先前阅读的短文和所听到的材料回答相关问题,考生有30秒钟的准备时间,然后进行60秒钟的回答。而第5题和第6题要求考生先听一段听力材料,然后回答相关问题。即Listening-Speaking,听力材料通常有一段是情景对话,另一段是课堂演讲,其长度大约为1分半钟。
考生有20秒钟的准备时间,之后进行60秒钟的回答。在综合口语任务里,你所需要记笔记的内容就是在读短文和听材料的过程中记下材料中的“main points”、“examples”、“reasons”等等。.而是否能很快识别“信号词”(Signal Words)成为其中的关键。“信号词”(Signal Words或Transitions)是我们用来“追踪”说话人的思路的词汇,它就像“路标”一样指引着旅行者的方向。有了信号词,我们就知道说话人何时要举例子,何时要下结论,何时要解释原因等等。
在第3和第4题中你会碰到两篇阅读短文,你所需要记笔记的内容就是在读短文的过程中记下材料中的“main point”以及“examples”和“reasons”等等。切忌写下过多的细节,或为了记笔记而忽略了中心思想。见下例(注意加黑处的信号词):
Isaac Asimov
Isaac Asimov (1920-1992) was an amazing author who wrote an astounding amount of material on an even more astounding variety of subjects. His literary studies included line-by-line analyses of all of the play of Shakespeare; his historical research included works on the history of Greece, the Roman Empire, England, and France; he also wrote well-researched tomes on physics, chemistry, and astronomy. What he is most likely best known for today, however, is science fiction: his Foundation series on a galactic empire inspired by Gibbon's Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire and the / Robot series about a future society where humans and robots coexist. In total, Asimov wrote more than 500 books on this wide variety of subjects.

从信号词我们知道:
TOPIC OF READING PASSAGE: author Isaac Asimov
Main points about Asimov:
* wrote a huge amount of material (more than 500 books);
*wrote on a wide variety of topics (literary analysis, history, physics, chemistry, astronomy, science fiction)

在听讲座或对话时,你需要关注主要观点(major points)以及为了支撑其观点所使用的例子(examples)和原因(causes)
Listening Passage:
(Professor): Now I'm sure you're all wondering how Asimov managed to write so much. Well, the simple answer's that he did almost nothing except writing because that's what he was driven to do.
Asimov's normal routine was to spend time, a lot of time, writing every day. He usually got up at 6 o'clock in the morning; he was at work writing by 7:30 in the morning, and he wrote until 10 o'clock in the evening. That's a lot of time to spend writing. This desire to spend so much time writing prompted Asimov himself to say "Writing is my only interest. Even speaking is an interruption."
 
TOPIC OF LISTENING PASSAGE: how Asimov wrote so much
Main points about topic:
* Asimov wrote from 7: 30 in the morning to 10 o'clock in the evening.
* Asimov said,  "Writing is my only interest." 
整合笔记,最终开口(Speaking):现在我们已经拥有两份笔记,可以开始答题了,不过答题以前,需要明确以下几点:
*你的准备时间为30秒,回答时间为1分钟,回答须同时包括所听的材料和所读文章中的信息;
*在答题时不要涉及个人观点,不要说例如“I think”之类的话。你的回答应该仅仅跟所读的文章和所听的材料有关。
*在Reading-Listening-Speaking部分中,可能会问你以下几个向题:
复述对话中所涉及到的一个观点
总结说话人得出某个观点的原因
描述听力材料中教挽谈及的问题
解释听力材料与阅读材料的联系
*此部分的评分标准
听力和阅读材料中提炼出相关信息
用听力和阅读材料中的适当细节和观点答题
观点表达前后连贯一致
表达清晰易懂
*在30秒钟的准备时间中,请务必仔细阅读问题的题干,听完材料后查阅阅读材料和听力材料的笔记,提炼主要观点和说出支撑论点的2~3个分论点。
*回答时间为1分钟,时间应该完全够用。语速适中,切记不要着急,请留意时间,你有20秒来展开每一个分论点
*表达必须连贯一致,符合逻辑顺序,适当使用Signal Words, 如下:
*如欲介绍两个材料中的主要观点:
The man's opinion is that...
The woman believes that...
According to the lecture...
The professor made the point that...
The reading states that...


备考建议
词汇准备:建立流畅表达所需要的词汇,尤其是信号词。信号词的恰当使用会使你的表达更诚畅,更连贯。
发音准备:提高发音的同时,尤其要主要单词重音和语音语调。
录制准备:将自己的声音录下来,听一听有什么问题。
笔记准备:平时多听、多看大学讲座、纪录片和英语新闻,边听边做笔记,尽量抓住材料的主题

标签:托福 TOFEL
1
2011-07-29 15:26 编辑:freya无痕
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