在线词典,在线翻译

【口译材料】2011年温总理答中外记者问-Part I

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小编摘要:每年总理的答中外记者问都详细解析了有关中国经济社会发展的热点重点问题,同时引经据典,精彩连连,对现场口译人员的要求极高。今年也不例外,一起来看看吧~

导言:2011年3月14日十一届全国人大三次会议14日上午在人民大会堂举行记者会,国务院总理温家宝应大会发言人李肇星的邀请会见中外记者,并回答记者提问。今年的热点问题包括调控中国经济高速发展、增强港澳区域竞争力、抑制通货膨胀、调控房价、增进台海合作、支持民企发展、缩小城乡收入差距等。

温总理把语速放得很慢,非常方便现场口译人员做记录,但是一般一个问题的回答很长,议员能够在总理说完之后马上回头翻译也并不容易。同时为清晰传达,译员必须熟悉有关表述,调整好语音语速,可谓难度不小。

 

以下是视频链接和第一部分翻译文稿(开幕+问题一):

http://tv.people.com.cn/GB/61600/214266/216892

 

大会新闻发言人、本次记者会主持人 李肇星: 女士们、先生们,上午好。我们高兴地邀请到温家宝总理与中外记者见面,并回答大家的提问。现在请总理讲话。

Ladies and Gentlemen, good morning! Today we have the great pleasure to invite Premier Wen Jiabao to meet Chinese and foreign press and answer your questions. First, some opening remarks from Mr. Premier.

 

中国国务院总理温家宝: 各位记者朋友,大家好。刚刚结束的全国人民代表大会通过了政府工作报告“十二五”规划纲要。摆在我们面前的任务十分艰巨,国内外形势也非常复杂,做好各项工作,完成预期目标,需要付出极大努力。我们要有忧患意识,始终保持清醒的头脑。同时,又要树立信心,信心就像太阳一样,充满光明和希望。我的任期还有两年,我深知这两年的工作不比任何一年要轻松。“政如农工,日夜思之,思其始而成其终。”谢谢各位。

Friends of the press, good morning! The just concluded session of the National People’s Congress adopted the Government Work Report and the Outline of the 12th Five-year Plan. We face extremely daunting tasks and complex domestic and international situations. We must work very hard if we are to achieve successes in our work on all fronts and meet the goals we have set. We must be fully mindful of potential dangers and keep a cool head. At the same time, we should have firm confidence. Confidence is like the sun. It brings us brightness and hope. There are two years left in my term of office, I know full well that my work in the next two years will not be easier than any of the previous years. I do my job as diligently as a farmer tends to his field. I have it on my mind day and night. I work for a thorough planning from the start and I’m determined to carry it through to a successful end. Thank you!

 

现在可以提问了。

人民日报、人民网记者: 总理,您好!我是人民日报、人民网记者。“十二五”规划确定未来五年我国经济增长的预期目标,就是年均增长7%。我们注意到,这个数字和“十一五”规划相比降低了0.5个百分点。请问总理,我们主动调低经济增长速度这样一个选择是出于什么考虑?如果未来经济增长速度有所放缓会不会影响扩大就业以及改善民生等方面?谢谢。

I’m with People’s daily and People.com. We have noted that the 12th Five-year Plan has set an annual GDP growth target of 7% in the next five years. That target is 0.5 percentage point lower than the GDP growth target set up in the 11th Five-year Plan. Mr.Premier, my question is: what is the consideration of the government in taking the initiative to adjust downward the GDP growth target. Will a slower economy affect the government’s efforts to expand employment and improve people’s well-being?

 

温家宝: 主动调低经济发展的速度,不仅表明决心和意志,而且是一个重大的举措。就是说,在今后五年以至中国经济发展的相当长时期,我们要把转变经济增长方式作为主线。真正使中国的经济转到主要依靠科技进步和提高劳动者素质上来,着重提高经济的增长质量和效益。

We have set a lower GDP growth target for the next five years. I believe this shows the resolve and will of the Chinese government. It is also a major step that the government is determined to take. This means that in the next five years and even for a much longer period of time to come, in the course of China’s economic development, we will take the transformation of China’s economic development pattern as our priority task so that we will be able to refocus China’s economic development to scientific and technological advances and to higher educational level of the labor force. And we will be able to in that way raise the quality and efficiency of China’s economic development.

注:蓝色标注部分译得并不明确,介词使用有问题,可改译为 develop China’s economy mainly through scientific and technological advances and  the quality improvement of the labor force。口译的即时性使得议员的译文质量没法做到尽善尽美。通篇而言此译文质量已经相当高。

 

经济发展速度、就业与通货膨胀三者之间有密切联系。经济发展速度高,就业人数就会多,但通胀的压力也会大。经济发展速度低,就业人数少,但很容易使经济走向衰退。我们必须在这两条道路当中走出一条光明的路,把它们有机地连接起来。

The speed of economic growth, employment and inflation--these three aspects are closely interconnected. A high growth speed will bring more jobs, but at the same time increase inflationary pressure. And a low growth speed will mean fewer jobs but it is also likely to cause economic recession. We must strike a right balance between these two and ensure a bright future for China’s economic development. We should take an integrated approach in taking relevant efforts on both fronts.

 

我们要充分利用这样一个机会,调整经济结构,解决中国经济长期以来存在的不平衡、不协调和不可持续的问题,使经济的发展与人口、环境和资源相适应。

We must seize the current opportunities and make adjustments to China’s economic structure so that we will be able to resolve the long-standing problem in China’s economic development. That is a lack of adequate balance, coordination and sustainability. And we must strike a balance between economic development and population, environmental protection and resources.

 

7%的发展速度也不算低了。大家注意到,我们的经济总量在不断增加,7%的速度使经济增长也不断增加,也就是说基数大了,真正实现有质量和效益的7%的增长速度,并非是一件容易的事情。谈到就业,我觉得我们应该重视结构调整,在结构调整中特别应该重视发展中小企业,主要是科技型的小企业。重视发展服务业,包括生产服务业,这些都可以容纳更多的就业。我们一定想办法,在比过去低的速度下还能解决中国日益增长的就业压力问题,这对政府是一个极大的考验。我们完全有决心能够办好这件事情。

I also want to point out that a 7% growth target is not a low target. We have noted that China’s economic aggregates have been expanding rapidly in recent years. And that 7% growth rate will also further add to China’s size of economy in aggregate terms. And that means we have an increasingly large base figure. Therefore it will not be easy for us to achieve this 7% growth target while at the same time insuring good quality and efficiency of economic development. With respect to jobs, I would like to say that we must pay close attention to economic restructuring. And in this course we should give priority to developing small and medium-sized enterprises, in particular small high-tech enterprises and develop the service sector including producer services. All these will help us spur more jobs. The government will make every effort to cope with the rising employment pressure with this downward adjusted economic growth target. I think this poses a great test to the government but we have the determination that we will be successful.

注:很多媒体中直接将中小企业用SMEs来表示,即为small and medium-sized enterprises。

5
2011-07-28 14:50 编辑:claudiaenglish
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