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奇妙的爱之科学

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小编摘要:恋爱有三个阶段,每个阶段都和体内分泌不同的激素有关。我们被某人吸引时,可能是因为潜意识里我们喜欢他的基因。

爱情

 

爱的科学
The Science of Love
恋爱有三个阶段,每个阶段都和体内分泌不同的激素有关。
There are three phases to falling in love and different hormones are involved at each stage.
大脑在恋爱时发生的化学反应和患精神疾病时一样。
Events occurring in the brain when we are in love have similarities with mental illness.
我们被某人吸引时,可能是因为潜意识里我们喜欢他的基因。
When we are attracted to somebody, it could be because subconsciously we like their genes.
体味和外貌对爱情同样重要。我们喜欢像我们父母的人。
Smell could be as important as looks when it comes to the fanciability factor. We like the look and smell of people who are most like our parents.
爱情能否继续,是可以用科学解释的。
Science can help determine whether a relationship will last.
丘比特之化合物
Cupid's chemicals
脸色潮红、心跳加速、手心出汗,这些都是陷入爱河的表现。不过被丘比特之箭射中时,体内也会出现特殊的化合物。
People are usually in 'cloud nine' when they fall in love. Flushed cheeks, a racing heart beat and clammy hands are some of the outward signs of being in love. But inside the body there are definite chemical signs that cupid has fired his arrow.
一旦被爱击中,似乎我们完全被体内生化反应控制。这个领域最有名的研究人员是罗格斯,新泽西州立大学的海伦·费雪。他认为,坠入爱河有三个阶段,每个阶段都和体内分泌不同的激素有关。
When it comes to love it seems we are at the mercy of our biochemistry. One of the best known researchers in this area is Helen Fisher of Rutgers University in New Jersey. She has proposed that we fall in love in three stages. Each involving a different set of chemicals.
坠入爱河的三个阶段
Three Stages of Falling in Love
第一阶段:色欲
Stage 1: Lust
色欲由性激素——睾酮和雌激素引起。睾酮不止在男性体内存在,对女性产生性冲动同样重要。费雪说这两种荷尔蒙“让你变得盲目”。
Lust is driven by the sex hormones testosterone and oestrogen. Testosterone is not confined only to men. It has also been shown to play a major role in the sex drive of women. These hormones as Helen Fisher says "get you out looking for anything".
第二阶段:吸引
Stage 2: Attraction
这是真正被爱所困的阶段。人们陷入爱河时,会把所有其他事情抛在脑后,甚至茶饭不思得一直想着他的新爱人。
This is the truly love-struck phase. When people fall in love they can think of nothing else. They might even lose their appetite and need less sleep, preferring to spend hours at a time daydreaming about their new lover.
一组单胺类的神经递质在这个阶段发挥了重要作用:
In the attraction stage, a group of neuro-transmitters called 'monoamines' play an important role:
多巴胺 - 可卡因和尼古丁也能促进这种递质释放。
Dopamine - Also activated by cocaine and nicotine.
去甲肾上腺素 - 使人出汗、心跳加速。
Norepinephrine - Otherwise known as adrenalin. Starts us sweating and gets the heart racing.
5-羟色胺 - 爱的过程中最重要的化合物之一,也能让人暂时精神失常。
Serotonin - One of love's most important chemicals and one that may actually send us temporarily insane.
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2011-07-01 12:20 编辑:kuaileyingyu
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