在线词典,在线翻译

分析解决型大作文高端写作理论

所属:雅思 作者:朗阁海外中心 诸瑞琪 来源:海词家园 阅读:2094 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

小编摘要:朗阁海外考试研究中心分析认为,分析解决型大作文在最近的雅思考试中的比重略有上升。纵观这种写作模式,朗阁的老师在最近的高端写作课的实践中找出一些应对方法,本文将进行简单的归纳。

分析解决型大作文高端写作理论
朗阁海外考试研究中心  诸瑞琪

朗阁海外考试研究中心分析认为,分析解决型大作文在最近的雅思考试中的比重略有上升。纵观这种写作模式,笔者在最近的高端写作课的实践中找出一些应对方法,现在就作一些简单的归纳:
一.引言段的简洁写法
标准的大作文引言段先写导入句再写主题句,而分析解决型的大作文可以尝试直接切入正题,然后再交代主体段的布局:
In this essay, I will outline the main reasons why crime is still a problem even in developed countries, and suggest some measures which might be taken to control it.

这个题目要求讨论犯罪的原因并且提供解决方案。作者在引言段中开门见山地提出自己的文章主题,并且同时也交代了主体段的布局,即:一段写原因,一段写方案。这样写的优点在于可以直接看出文章的主题,节约了构思的时间,同时也让人对接下来的布局一目了然。类似的写法我们可以再来看以下的例子:

In this essay, I will suggest some reasons why women still earn less than men and provide solutions.

有些同学会觉得这样写字数会不会不够,笔者自然也考虑到了这个问题;客观的讲,采用这种方法的文章,在主体段中必须有更多的发挥。但是采用这种写法为主体段的构思腾出了更多的时间。此外,我们可以通过在主题句前简单地加上一个导入句来增加引言段的字数。比如上面2个题目我们还可以这样来写:

Crime: one of the biggest problems in the society of developed countries that is affecting good people every day. What causes crime? And how can it be reduced?

Statistics show that women still earn less than men, although they have a legal right to equal pay in many countries. In this essay I will suggest some reasons why this is the case and provide solutions.

Even if the pay gap between women and men is getting smaller and smaller each year it is still an existing. There are several reasons behind this.

通过对比,我们不难发现,这2种写法都可以迅速地将引言段在较短的时间里完成,考虑到引言段并非是写作评分的主要依据,因此朗阁海外考试研究中心建议考生不要在大作文引言段的构思上太过于纠结,主体段的论证才是关键。以下我们再来看2个例子:

It is true that money given to developing nations rarely seems to have any effect in the long term. In this essay, I will give some reasons why this happens, and suggest ways the situation can be improved.

In this essay, I will give some reasons why the money given to developing countries rarely seems to have any effect and suggest ways the situation can be improved.

通过以上的介绍,想必大家对于分析解决型的引言段简洁的写法有所了解了吧。考试若遇到此类考题,大家不妨尝试一下。

二.主体段的高端写作理论
1.原因段
在原因段的论述中,朗阁海外考试研究中心建议考生们在每列举一个原因后记得用示例或者因果对于列举的原因继续展开讨论。每个原因间用列举的连词隔开。比如:
In my opinion, most people commit crimes because they want something they cannot have. Advertising intensifies the desire for luxury goods and celebrity lifestyles, and although it is necessary to promote sales and improve the economy, it can encourage feelings of greed and jealousy. In addition to this, young people especially are vulnerable to peer pressure. For instance, they may be influenced by their friends to start taking drugs or stealing cars for fun.
在上面这个例子中,作者罗列了犯罪的2个原因,即贪婪和同辈的压力。在原因表达以后,作者分别各自用了一个因果和例子来继续发展。请注意,第一个原因后的那个句子是解释贪婪的原因,属于因果法;而第二个原因后作者是通过举例的方式来进一步论述。
Otherwise-good people are sometimes unlucky and put in situations where they feel crime is the only option. I think that the most common cases are needing money. This could be to fuel drug habits, support a family or nothing except pure greed. Bad upbringing is often argued as a cause. For example, if a child sees parents or other adults using violence, they may be more likely to think it is acceptable to use violence as an answer to problems.
As I see it, the main reason aid money is ineffective is corruption. In developing countries, civil servants, teachers and policemen are paid so little that they are unable to live on their salaries. For this reason, they are forced to take money for favors, and as a result, money goes missing before it can reach the people it is intended for. Consequently, the gap between rich and poor becomes wider, and so we see tyrants and dictators living in palaces while their people starve.

上述段落只论述了一个原因,即富国提供给穷国的资金为什么得不到很好的利用的原因是腐败。在原因表达后,作者先用了一个举例,这个举例其实也可以当作腐败的原因,即原因的原因。然后作者继续讨论原因导致的结果。请注意,若原因段只讨论一个原因的话,考虑到篇幅的因素,必须通过举例加因果的组合对本段论述的原因作深入的讨论。

2.解决方案段
在提供解决方案的时候,我们一般也是先用列举的方式罗列各种方案,但是在方案之后我们可以有多种发展方式,一个是介绍如何实施,一个是讨论这个方案的优点,最后就是解释为什么会有这个方案的提出。以下我们来看二个例子:
It seems to me that poorer nations would benefit more from education and training 方案than financial aid. Professionals from all fields can donate some of their time to teaching local people new skills, 如何实施 and as a consequence, they will be able to teach others in turn. 方案的优点 As poverty is caused by ignorance, 为什么会有这个方案的提出so education is the key to prosperity. When financial donations are made, foreign governments need to ensure that there is a system which can account for their distribution如何实施 so that the money does not disappear. Thus, it is more likely to be used for the development of the country’s infrastructure, and in helping the poor and needy. 方案的优点

I feel that there are three ways that crime can be reduced. Firstly, most developed countries have a large and well-paid police force. However, they spend most of the time in cars. 为什么会有这个方案的提出They need to be more visible on the street. Secondly, young people need to be educated about how they can contribute to society. Finally, parents should be more responsible. They have children, yet they do not control their behaviors. Consequently, the children grow up without learning the rules of society. 为什么会有这个方案的提出

三.结尾段的高端写作理论

朗阁海外考试研究中心建议在分析解决型结尾段里,一般写作遵循的原则是回顾全文+观点+展望未来。其中表达观点是必须包含的部分,而第一和第三则视题目而定,以下我们来看几个例子:
On the whole, I do not believe that we can ever rid our society of all crime, 回顾全文 but if the measures I have suggested here were taken, I am convinced that we would seen an improvement. 观点 What is more, none of these suggestions would be expensive to apply. 展望未来
All in all, the problem of world poverty cannot be solved by money alone. 回顾全文 Nations need to work together on long-tem projects, sharing their knowledge and skills so that each person has something valuable to offer their community. 观点
以上2个结尾段中,我们可以总结出几个句型结构:I (do not) believe that… (However) I am convinced that… It will continue to… 而对于一些社会类话题的总结,“but if the measures I have suggested here were taken, I am convinced that we would see an improvement.”这个句型值得参考。

 
标签:雅思 IELTS
1
2011-06-28 14:01 编辑:红木梳子
分享到:
关注海词微博:
发表评论:
表达一些您的想法吧!已有0条评论>>
登录,再发表评论
文明上网,理性发言!
您可能还感兴趣的文章:
  • [雅思]雅思名师各个击破-写作扣分的语言习惯硬伤

    一、英语重结构,汉语重语义 我国著名语言学家王力先生曾经说过:“就句子的结构而论,西洋语言是法治的,中国语言是人治的。”(《中国语法理论》,《王力文集》第一卷,第35页,山东教育出版
  • [雅思]不用“题海战术” 雅思写作也能拿高分

    在雅思考试的听说读写四门科目中,大多数考生最担心的莫过于写作了,时常会出现投入精力最多、耗费时间最长、考试分数最低的现象,这往往和考生备考方式不合理有关。在雅思写作备考中,考生比较
>>精华推荐阅读
热门评论文章