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日本拟彻底重建海啸灾区

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小编摘要:负责规划重建的日本政府委员会表示,该国受到海啸侵袭的东北部沿海必须重建为可供全国参照的安全、可持续的样板,将在更高的地势为居民重新建房,并重组衰落中的产业。

日本拟彻底重建海啸灾区

负责规划重建的日本政府委员会表示,该国受到海啸侵袭的东北部沿海必须重建为可供全国参照的安全、可持续的样板,将在更高的地势为居民重新建房,并重组衰落中的产业。
Japan’s tsunami-battered northeast coast must be rebuilt as a safe and sustainable model for the nation, with residents rehoused on higher ground and declining industries reorganised, according to the government panel charged with charting reconstruction.
东日本大震灾复兴构想会议(Reconstruction Design Council)提交的建议,旨在为立法和编列预算铺平道路,以重建遭到3月11日地震和海啸摧毁的地区,那场灾难造成超过2.2万人死亡或失踪。然而政治动荡将使这些建议的执行复杂化。日本首相菅直人(Naoto Kan)面临着重新活跃起来的反对党和党内竞争,正勉强留在首相宝座上。
The proposals submitted by the Reconstruction Design Council are intended to clear the way for legislation and budget-setting to restore areas devastated by the March 11 earthquake and tsunami, which left more than 22,000 dead or missing. However, implementation will be complicated by political turmoil that has left Naoto Kan, prime minister, struggling to stay in office in the face of pressure from a resurgent opposition, and from rivals in his own party.
复兴构想会议负责人五百旗头真(Makoto Iokibe)呼吁政界围绕该委员会提交的39页报告中的建议团结一致。这些建议为重建沿海城镇以及重振地方农业、渔业和旅游业设定了一个框架。
Makoto Iokibe, head of the reconstruction council, called for politicians to unite around the proposals in its 39-page report, which sets out a framework for rebuilding coastal towns and reviving regional farming, fishing and tourism.
复兴构想会议称,居住区应当在地势较高的地带重建,在没有山丘的地区将在人工抬高的地面上重建。报告还呼吁采用先进技术,让灾区成为发展和利用可再生能源的生力军。
Residential areas should be rebuilt on higher ground, or on artificially raised land in areas where there are no hills, said the council. The report also calls for the use of advanced technologies to make the area a powerhouse for the development and use of renewable energy.
政府估计,这场灾难导致了将近17万亿日元(合2110亿美元)损失,这还不包括损坏福岛第一核电站(Fukushima Daiichi)的核危机造成的损失。
The government estimates that the disaster caused nearly Y17,000bn ($211bn) in damage – not including the cost of the crisis at the crippled Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant.
日本原本就捉襟见肘的政府预算在灾难的影响下更加紧张。复兴构想会议给出的估计是重建需要14万亿日元,但并未给出具体的筹资方案。
The disaster is set to put further strain on Japan’s already stretched state budget. The council cited estimates for the rebuild of Y14,000bn, but offered no detailed blueprint for financing.
该组织表示,一个可能性是发行重建债券,也应当考虑临时提高“核心税收”。
While reconstruction bonds were a possibility, temporary rises to “core taxes” should also be considered, it said.
标签:日本 海啸 灾区
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2011-06-27 11:07 编辑:典典
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