Japan’s tsunami-battered northeast coast must be rebuilt as a safe and sustainable model for the nation, with residents rehoused on higher ground and declining industries reorganised, according to the government panel charged with charting reconstruction.
东日本大震灾复兴构想会议(Reconstruction Design Council)提交的建议，旨在为立法和编列预算铺平道路，以重建遭到3月11日地震和海啸摧毁的地区，那场灾难造成超过2.2万人死亡或失踪。然而政治动荡将使这些建议的执行复杂化。日本首相菅直人(Naoto Kan)面临着重新活跃起来的反对党和党内竞争，正勉强留在首相宝座上。
The proposals submitted by the Reconstruction Design Council are intended to clear the way for legislation and budget-setting to restore areas devastated by the March 11 earthquake and tsunami, which left more than 22,000 dead or missing. However, implementation will be complicated by political turmoil that has left Naoto Kan, prime minister, struggling to stay in office in the face of pressure from a resurgent opposition, and from rivals in his own party.
Makoto Iokibe, head of the reconstruction council, called for politicians to unite around the proposals in its 39-page report, which sets out a framework for rebuilding coastal towns and reviving regional farming, fishing and tourism.
Residential areas should be rebuilt on higher ground, or on artificially raised land in areas where there are no hills, said the council. The report also calls for the use of advanced technologies to make the area a powerhouse for the development and use of renewable energy.
The government estimates that the disaster caused nearly Y17,000bn ($211bn) in damage – not including the cost of the crisis at the crippled Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant.
The disaster is set to put further strain on Japan’s already stretched state budget. The council cited estimates for the rebuild of Y14,000bn, but offered no detailed blueprint for financing.
While reconstruction bonds were a possibility, temporary rises to “core taxes” should also be considered, it said.
2011-06-27 11:07 编辑：典典
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