导读：《吉尼斯世界纪录》官方组织日前发表声明，全球最长寿老人、巴西114岁的老妇人玛利亚(Maria Gomes Valentim)因病于21日去世。自此，“全球最长寿老人”的桂冠易主，新晋得主是一位美国老妇人。
A Brazilian woman officially recognised as the world's oldest person has died just weeks from her 115th birthday. The title now reverts to a woman in the United States.
Maria Gomes Valentim died of multiple organ failure, said Helerson Lima, a spokesman for the nursing home where she lived. Valentim would have turned 115 on July 9.
An update on the Guinness World Records website said Valentim, "the first Brazilian super-centenarian to hold the title," died at the age of 114 years, 347 days. On May 18, Guinness determined that Valentim was 48 days older than the person previously considered the world's oldest human, Besse Cooper from Monroe, Georgia.
"With Maria's passing, the title of oldest living person reverts back to American Besse Cooper, age 114 years 299 days," Guinness said. The Georgia woman's son, Sid Cooper, said his mother was doing well at her Monroe retirement community.
"She's gained some weight, she's eating real good," he said. "Her memory is still really good. She remembers things from a long time ago and recognises people."
Guinness verified that Valentim was born on July 9, 1896, in the city of Carangola in the southeastern state of Minas Gerais, where she lived all her life.
Last month, Guinness said on its website that Valentim, who was known as "Grandma Quita," attributed her longevity to a healthy diet: eating a roll of bread every morning with coffee, fruit and the occasional milk with linseed.
Valentim's family told reporters she had a stubborn streak and always made a habit of minding her own business. They also said that her father lived to be 100.
"She says she has lived long because she has always taken care of her own life – and not meddled in the lives of others," granddaughter Jane Ribeiro Moraes, 63, told a local newspaper in May.
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