For generations, the division of labor was clear-cut. Fathers were breadwinners, mothers were chiefly in charge of the children, and if anyone had to leave work to take Junior to a doctor's appointment or attend a parent-teacher conference, it wasn't likely to be Dad.
Times change. A nationwide survey in late May found that more than half (56%) of employed fathers say they frequently take time off for child-related tasks --markedly more than the 40% of mothers who report doing likewise.
Employers haven't quite caught on yet, it seems. About two-thirds (68%) of dads with jobs say they've experienced "negativity or problems" with bosses over conflicts between work and children. Of those, 57% say this has happened "multiple times."
位于美国北卡罗来纳州首府罗利市，从事员工培训的咨询公司Workplace Options（WPO）开展了这项调查。该公司的首席执行官丁· 戴伯南说：“现在美国的劳动力就算跟5年前比起来也有很大不同”。
"The American workforce is different than it was even five years ago," observes Dean Debnam, CEO of Workplace Options, an employee training consultancy based in Raleigh, N.C., which conducted the poll.
For one thing, he notes, the Census Bureau counts 2.3 million U.S. households where fathers are raising kids alone. Added to the majority of families where both parents work full-time, "the pressure for fathers to succeed both as professionals and as parents is greater than ever."
这一转变不只限于美国。今年二月，Workplace Options公司和WFD顾问公司（WFD Consulting）在全球范围内就男性协调工作和家庭问题开展的联合研究表明：在几乎所有的发达国家，父亲们最关心的问题都是“腾出时间陪伴家人”。
Nor is this shift confined to the U.S. A global study on men and work-life balance in February, cosponsored by Workplace Options and WFD Consulting, found that "finding time to spend with family" was the top concern voiced by fathers in almost every developed nation.
As dads and moms know firsthand -- and most employers accept with some reluctance -- kids' needs are not always predictable in advance. Increasingly, fathers are making tough choices that their own fathers rarely faced. Being a parent "doesn't happen on a set schedule," observes Debnam, adding that combining hands-on fatherhood with a career "takes creativity."
2011-06-20 14:05 编辑：kuaileyingyu