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2011年6月英语四级听力短文P1分析(沪江网校版)

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Section B

Passage One

There are many commonly held beliefs about eye glasses and eyesight that are not proven facts. For instance, some people believe that wearing glasses too soon weakens the eyes. But there is no evidence to show that the structure of eyes is changed by wearing glasses at a young age. Wearing the wrong glasses, however, can prove harmful. Studies show that for adults there is no danger, but children can develop loss of vision if they have glasses inappropriate for their eyes.

We have all heard some of the common myths about how eyesight gets bad. Most people believe that reading in dim light causes poor eyesight, but that is untrue. Too little light makes the eyes work harder, so they do get tired and strained. Eyestrain also results from reading a lot, reading in bed, and watching too much television. However, although eyestrain may cause some pain or headaches, it does not permanently damage eyesight.

Another myth about eyes is that they can be replaced, or transferred from one person to another. There are close to one million nerve fibres that connect the eyeball to the brain, as of yet it is impossible to attach them all in a new person. Only certain parts of the eye can be replaced. But if we keep clearing up the myths and learning more about the eyes, some day a full transplant may be possible.

Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage you have just heard.

26.  What does the speaker want to tell us about eyesight?

27.  What do studies about wearing the wrong glasses show?

28.  What do we learn about eye transplanting from the talk?   

篇章类型及提要:论证文

听力点睛:

本文主要介绍关于纠正一些对眼镜及视力的常识的错误认识。注意文章首句"There are many commonly held beliefsabout eye glasses and eyesight that are not proven facts." 通常这种文章首句就是主旨句。这是做听力短文题必须要高度关注的。接下去可以推测下面内容必然围绕主题句展开,通过举例等来论证作者要表明的观点。所以听的时候也要高度专注那些关键词句,如for instance, however, but, evidence, although, Studies show that...这些关键词句后面的内容是听力常考的地方。最后文章给出一个总结句呼吁人们破除固有的一些认识,去更多了解我们的眼睛,头尾呼应。

精剖细析:

26.    What does the speaker want to tell us about eyesight?

解析:从"eyesight" 可以把答案定位于第一段,关键词有"weakens the eyes" "loss of vision". 注意题目中是问speaker要告诉我们的,所以不要被some people believe...误导,看清题目要问什么很重要。

27.    What do studies about wearing the wrong glasses show?

解析:本题关键词是"studies" "wearing the wrong glasses". 文章中作者很明显地给出了"Studies show that for adults..." 因此了解这个后面的内容,做出本题难度不大。

28.    What do we learn about eye transplanting from the talk?  

解析:本题关键词"eye transplanting",迅速定位于听力后面部分。

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2011-06-18 14:25 编辑:甯老师
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