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雅思听力必备词汇——基础篇(下)

所属:雅思 作者:朗阁海外中心邓琦 来源:海词家园 阅读:3271 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

小编摘要:之前已经为大家介绍了雅思听力必备词汇——基础篇(上),今天将为大家介绍下半部分。

雅思听力必备词汇——基础篇(下)
朗阁海外考试研究中心  邓琦


Listening basics: entertainment
娱乐和放松的内容有很多,都跟个人的兴趣爱好有很大的关系。雅思的考点其实一直以来变化不大,只是会在现有考点的基础上进行细化和深入。例如:garden,museum,cinema这些考点已经变化为formal garden,royal/art museum,multi-screen cinema来进行考查了。

Music: jazz, classical, pop, rock and roll, folk music, dance music, disco, tango, string music, organ music, keyboard music, orchestra, light music, restaurant background music

Musical instruments: piano, flute, drum, guitar, violin, cello, cellist
Cinema: documentary, comedy, tragedy, mime, romance, thrill, action, cartoon, sci-fi, historical, six-screen cinema
Theatre: opera, production, sitting capacity, seats, circle/balcony, box, drama house, curtain, performer, performance, box office, auditorium, backstage, make-up

Listening basics: research methodology/methods
这一类单词所表达的内容理解起来并不难,但是由于国内的教育体系很少鼓励学生应用这样的研究调查方法,所以出国后具体操作起来会有很大的难度。好在很多学校都有这些方法的应用指导课,帮助不太熟悉这些方法的人了解其中的细节。朗阁海外考试研究中心建议烤鸭们在出国之前就应该通过网络等方式对这些方法的细节进行了解,尽最大可能降低在海外学习的不适应度,快速调整自己,跟上教师的授课和作业完成进度。

Questionnaires: response rate (too low), representative, respondents, list of questions, expected results
Interviews: interviewees, face-to-face talk, age group (children, adult, senior citizens), tape recorder, cassette recorder, laptop, notebook
Fieldwork: field visit, field trip, field research, dos and don’ts, real life situation, write up report
Laboratory: experiment, set-up situation, not real, subject, sample, equipment
Observation: watch
Case study: investigation, survey (telephone survey, postal survey)
Experience: witness
Statistics: data analysis
Placement:  a job, usually as part of a course of study, which gives you experience of a particular type of work
Students working together to collect data: visit organizations, interview people, telephoning, taking photos, write up report, analyze data, collect samples, at random

listening basics: building
租房子场景中此类词汇考察点极高。这就要求学生们不但要熟悉各种建筑物的特点,还要了解其一定的内部特征,材料材质,内部构造和布局等要点。一般房屋结构,图书馆结构,博物馆结构,校园建筑物布局等都是雅思曾经关注过的要点。
building types: block, main building, wings, annexes, extension building, high-rise, complex, construction
structure: entrance hall, foyer, lobby, first floor, second floor, level one, level two, corridor, balcony
Front door, side door, rear door, fire door, fire exit
Lift, elevator, escalator, stairs
Reception, enquiry, lounge, waiting room, restroom, toilet
Walls, roof, ceiling, floor, basement, exterior walls, interior doors
building materials:  wood, timber, clay, earth, bricks, tiles, steel, glass, concrete, stone, black velvet, plastic, plaster board
architecture: ventilation, aeration (air-conditioning, fans, windows), reinforced
security: alarm system, double lock windows, video surveillance, security personnel, security officer, check ID, fire alarm, fire drill
Original use and current use: conference centre, car park, transport museum, factory, prison/jail, workshop

listening basics: geography
地理这一类中的考察点略微有些专业,但是环保低碳俨然已经成为了全球瞩目的焦点,所以大家也都与时俱进吧。剑桥雅思真题集cam 5 test 2 section 4 中关于南极洲的一些描述和细节你还记得吗?机经中频繁出现的沼泽,湿地的保护场景有没有引起你的注意呢?
terrain: plain, plateau, desert, mountain, hilly terrain, wetland, marshes, grass, pasture, ice shelf, cliffs
water resource: fresh water, underground water, subterranean water, reservoir, dam water, pond water, river, lake, sea water (NB: evaporation),
disasters: floods, drought, typhoon, hurricane, tornado, snow storm, thunderstorm, dust storm
Atmosphere: nitrogen, hydrogen, oxygen, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, ozone
Mining: iron ore, coal, petroleum, gas, gold, barren mine, minerals, deposit, mining equipment (grease torch, candle, flashlight, torch, helmet) miners from Scotland…
Continents and oceans: Antarctica? Arctic?

listening basics: botany and zoology
朗阁海外考试研究中心分析认为,雅思听力对动植物的关注从未停止,鲨鱼,鲸鱼,海豚,海豹,昆虫,鳄鱼以及一些植物,甚至是有机农场都是曾经考查过的要点,在倡导环保的今天,如何保护濒临灭绝的动植物物种确实值得深思。
plant: leaf (leaves), branch, stem, root, flower, bud, petals, seeds
variety: pine tree, mangrove, fruit tree, passion fruit, strawberry, mulberry, lemon tree, coco tree, coffee beans, banana, cereals, wheat, barley, corn, maize, oat, spice, pepper, chili, ginger, eggplants, cherry tomato, snow peas, sunflower, lettuce
planting methods: greenhouse, transplant, orchard, organic farming, additive-free
Vegetation: trees, grass, lawn, bush
Farming: altitude, height above sea level, weather, climate, land, soil, water, shade, sunshine
Special applications: pepper (perfume, toothache, mood, money, display wealth by Romans)pine tree (torch, rope, flexibility, water pipes, chewing gum, medicines, bathroom oil)
Botanist, herbalist

Australian animals: kangaroo, koala
Mammals: polar bear, squirrel, lion, sheep, elephant, cattle, goat, wolf, fox, puma, tiger, camels
Cub, puppy, calf, lamb, breeding animals
Birds: ostrich, kiwi, falcon, emu, flamingo, swan, goose
       Chicks, breeding birds
Insects: bee, wasp, butterfly, dragonfly, firefly, ladybird
         Eggs, worms, butterfly (life cycle)
Marine animals: whale, dolphin, shark, crocodile, finfish, shellfish, tortoise, tiger shark, sea cucumber, otter,  sea urchin (tail, fins, scales, amphibian, gill, lung)
Wildlife reserves: conservation, reserve, sanctuary, preservation, endangered animals, species, domesticated animals, distinction, distinct, die out, famine, drought, infectious disease

Listening basics: categories of people
不同年龄群组的人对事物有着不同的理解和喜好。老年人,成年人,青少年,孩子,男性,女性,员工,老板等人对于一些事情的看法和态度也是雅思探讨的一个方向。
Age group:Senior citizens, elderly people, old age pensioner
Adult, mature person, grownup
Children, kids, teenager, youth, young people
Work group: Employed, unemployed, retired, women
Gender: Male or female
Occupations: employer, employees, managers, staff, students

Listening basics: academic and student problems
大部分烤鸭都要在国外进行学业的深造,所以有关学习和校园生活的单词肯定是重点,这些单词主要出现于雅思听力section 3中。
Lecture: lecture hall, room, theater, lecturer, taking notes, attendance
Tutorial: tutor, presentation, outline, reading list, objectives, whiteboard, OHP, PowerPoint, report writing, deadline, slides, visual aids
Seminar: professor, presentation, skills, questions, workshops, discussion workshop, group discussion, computer lab/room/center, mustn’t read aloud, being asked question, well-organized

Listening basics: education

Primary school, elementary school (pupils)

Secondary school, high school (school students)
College, university, institute
Undergraduate, bachelor’s degree, bachelor
Postgraduate, master’s degree, master
Certificates: degree, diploma, certificate
Further education
mature education, distance education, on-line education, vocational education
Academic problems: essay deadlines, lecture attendance, how to use library, how to write dissertation
Financial problems: scholarship, grant, fees, tuition, loan, debt, overdraft, budget
Domestic problems: childcare, nursery
Accommodation and catering

以上就是朗阁海外考试研究中心听力组的专家要跟大家分享的雅思听力必备词汇基础篇的内容,其实雅思听力无外乎生活和学术两个大的方向,所能考到的词汇都是日常生活和学习研究中用得到的词汇,并无多少专业难词。掌握基础篇所要求的词汇后才能对雅思听力的考察内容和方向有一个初步的了解,为高频场景词汇的学习打下坚实的基础。


>>雅思听力必备词汇——基础篇(上)<<

 


标签:雅思 IELTS
1
2011-06-13 09:37 编辑:红木梳子
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