在线词典,在线翻译

雅思听力必备词汇——基础篇(上)

所属:雅思 作者:朗阁海外考试中心邓琦 来源:海词家园 阅读:3308 次 评论:1 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

小编摘要:市场上关于雅思听力考试的高频词汇的书籍比比皆是,觉得无从下手?也许看完这篇文章你会有所收获。

雅思听力必备词汇——基础篇(上)
朗阁海外考试研究中心  邓琦


雅思听力高频词汇一直以来是众多老师和学生所追求的精华材料。面对着市面上存在的各种各样辅导词汇的书籍和综合了所有考试内容的机经,很多烤鸭都会觉得无从下手。其实笔者认为词汇只是表象,更重要的是要从词汇中悟出场景的考点和出题思路。掌握雅思听力词汇首先要从基础词汇入手,然后再进入专业场景词汇。朗阁海外考试研究中心建议广大烤鸭们一定要在背诵词汇时多进行联想,把练习过的剑桥雅思真题集系列中的场景进行串联,这样才可以做到场景和词汇同步学习,从而使听力学习更加深入!在本篇中,朗阁海外考试研究中心听力组的专家将重点总结和介绍一些雅思听力必备词汇中的基础词汇部分,供大家研究和学习!

一、Listening basics: call
每次考试都会有电话号码的听写,尤其在section 1中,有很多场景都是以一男一女打电话的方式来进行的,以下这些词汇能帮助大家把握电话对话的脉络,清晰的辨明考点出现的时机。除了要清楚的了解外国人报电话号码时的节奏和停顿以外,还要对雅思考查比较少的点比如分机号、来电转移、漫游和付费方式等重点记忆,以防雅思考试向深化和细化的方向发展。
Numbers:
Home / work phone number, emergency number, contact number, hot line, information line, enquiry line, mobile phone number, cell phone number, toll free number, code number, extension number
Call
: phone, call, ring, give somebody a call, a ring, a telephone call, dial the number, press key, push key
Telephone answering machine, operator, hold on, hang on
Call services: call diversion, call roaming, local number, distance number, international call
Cost: telephone rental, pay per minute, pay per hour, pay per month
Examples: 0903775115, 99281444, 033835071

 

二、Listening basics: personal details
个人信息的考查每次都占到考题数目的5道甚至以上,是烤鸭们的必对得分题目,万万不可再错。习惯了名字由姓与名组成,但是还要注意middle name也是外国人名字构成的普遍特点;地址中路名的多种表达方式,street,drive,road,lane,boulevard,avenue;邮政编码;国籍用形容词形式等均为烤鸭的易错点。
Names: surname, family name, middle name, first name, given name, maiden name
Contact: phone number, cell phone number, mobile number
Documents: C.V. reference, police record, ID documents
Address, email address (pk2@cat.com, helpline@blackcat.com, mj@hennings.co.uk, ) website: www.studentlink.com www.rivertrip.com
Post office box (PO box) postcode BG241DJ RO62RL
Age
(above, over, under, below, upward, plus, downwards, minus)
Nationality: China or Chinese? Spain or Spanish? Sweden or Swedish? Brazil or Brazilian? Britain or British? Holland or Dutch? Egypt or Egyptian?
Level of English:
elementary, intermediate, advanced
Education: high school/secondary school, primary school, elementary school, undergraduate, postgraduate
Examples: Maine , Mr. Hewitt , Jacobs, Gormley, 21A Eagle Road , 103 Fowler Road , Riverview, Parkview,Sandy's College, 84 Park Road,  24 River Lane

三、Listening basics: time
雅思听写的时间均为12小时制,要注意有没有am,pm,如果没有,要自己添加。日期要注意每个月份的全拼和书写格式。朗阁海外考试研究中心建议对于日期的表达反应比较慢的学生,可以对着台历随便翻,手指随便指向哪一天就迅速用英文报出日期的方式进行练习,practice makes perfect!
Dates: January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December;
March 30th 1988 , 15th October 1978, 1st August
Day:
Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday, Sunday
weekdays, weekends, during the week, the day after…
Time
: am (in the morning), pm (in the afternoon), o’clock, 11.30 am, 6.30pm, 10.45am, 7.30am 9 o’clock
Century
: in the early/mid/late 19th century

 

四、Listening basics: mathematics
       Listening basics: money

注意分数小数百分数以及货币的多种读法。例如:$ 3.50 可以读成,3 dollars and fifty cents, 3 point 5 dollars 以及 three fifty。25 有 quarter 的读法,50 有half 的读法,75% 有 3/4 的读法。
Fraction: 1/2, 1/3, 1/4, 2/3, 3/4
Percentage 50%
Decimals: 0.8, 0.1
Currency: pound, dollar, euro
Currency signs: $ 3.50, £9.50 £89.99 $15, $ 50
Local currency, foreign currency, exchange foreign currency
Payment: cash, check, credit, credit card, bank transfer, Hire Purchase

五、Listening basics: geometry
物体的规格形状也是雅思会听写到的点,偶尔来一个会给广大烤鸭们一个措手不及,因为长宽高深,长度单位,容积单位,几何图形的英文对应表达都是中国学生在英语学习中容易忽视的细节。
Dimensions: length, width, depth, height (long, wide, deep, high)
Length units (measurements): millimeter, centimeter, meter, kilometer, mile
Capacity units: liter, cc = cubic centimeter
Weight units: gram, kilogram, pound=Libra,
Geometrical figures: triangle, rectangle (oblong), square, diamond, circle, line, dotted line, broken line, inverted, cone, cylinder, conical, cylindrical, cubic, pyramid
Examples: width 140cm size 80cm×60cm

六、Listening basics: transportation
对于交通工具要进行细分,按照陆海空进行分析和整理。雅思剑桥7 test 1中的场景涵盖了很多以下的单词和考点。除此之外,朗阁海外考试研究中心提醒考生们还要注意的是交通工具与预定表格,个人信息以及旅游场景的融合。
Public transportation: bus, train, express train, non-stop train, underground railway, metro, subway, tube
Private transportation: car, bike, motorcycle, bicycle
Travelling transportation: cab, taxi, shuttle, coach, minibus, full-sized, medium-sized coach, boat, ferry, steam boat, yacht, ship, canoe, caravan
Air transportation:
plane, airplane, aero plane, by air, flight, aviation
Tickets: one-way, single, round, return
Costs:
first class, expensive, economy, cheap
Others: carpool, commuting, ambulance

>>雅思听力必备词汇——基础篇(下)<<


标签:雅思 IELTS
6
2011-06-08 15:53 编辑:红木梳子
分享到:
关注海词微博:
发表评论:
表达一些您的想法吧!已有1条评论>>
登录,再发表评论
文明上网,理性发言!
最新评论:
您可能还感兴趣的文章:
  • [雅思]雅思名师各个击破-写作扣分的语言习惯硬伤

    一、英语重结构,汉语重语义 我国著名语言学家王力先生曾经说过:“就句子的结构而论,西洋语言是法治的,中国语言是人治的。”(《中国语法理论》,《王力文集》第一卷,第35页,山东教育出版
  • [雅思]不用“题海战术” 雅思写作也能拿高分

    在雅思考试的听说读写四门科目中,大多数考生最担心的莫过于写作了,时常会出现投入精力最多、耗费时间最长、考试分数最低的现象,这往往和考生备考方式不合理有关。在雅思写作备考中,考生比较
>>精华推荐阅读
热门评论文章