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热爱音乐的心理因素

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小编摘要:现代科技发展允许我们随时聆听最想要的音乐,但不管使用何种技术,全世界人听音乐的原因是一样的。

热爱音乐

现代科技发展允许我们随时聆听最想要的音乐,但不管使用何种技术,全世界人听音乐的原因是一样的。
Modern technology means it's never been easier to hear exactly the music we want, whenever we want it. But whatever technology we use, the reasons we listen to music are universal.
与其它艺术形式相比,音乐能以某种途径快速抓住我们的情绪,全方位多角度吸引我们。在一首歌里往往能有那么几个小节将人带入回忆中,带入不同的时间和地点。
Music grabs our emotions instantly in a way few other art-forms can manage. It engages us on all sorts of different levels. A few bars of a song can take us back decades, to a different time and place.
那么,究竟音乐那种普遍的心理作用是什么呢?朗斯戴尔和诺斯(2010)向300名年轻人询问他们听音乐的主要原因,并对这些答案进行了排序。以下是依据重要性排序从第六到第一的结果。
So what are the universal psychological functions of music? Lonsdale and North (2010) asked 300 young people about their main reasons for listening to music to see which came out top. Here are the answers, in order of importance, counted down from six to the number one spot.
6.了解他人和世界
6. To learn about others and the world
排在第六条的原因是音乐提供了一种看待世界的方法。音乐里经常有关于其他人或其它地方的故事,它给我们提供了一种全新的体验。音乐告诉我们其他人如何思考,甚至能给予一些对生活的启发。
Languishing down at number six was the way in which music teaches us about the world. Music tells us stories about other people and places and it gives us access to new experiences. Music can teach us how other people think and even suggest how we might live.
心理学研究佐证了音乐信息能体现出人的个性。在一项研究中,参与者能够根据对方最喜欢的十首歌基本判断出对方的性格特征。
Psychological research backs up the importance of the information music sends out to others about our personalities. In one study participants could broadly judge another's personality solely on the basis of their top 10 songs (see: personality in your mp3 player).
同时,音乐还能提供关于世界的信息。多兹和丹佛斯(2009)下载了将近250,000首在1960到2007年期间创作的歌曲的歌词,他们发现歌词以一定的规律变得更加沉闷和压抑,直到1985年,然后从1990年开始趋于平稳,这种下降体现在所有的音乐类型中。
Music is also sending us a message about the state of the world. Dodds and Danforth (2009) downloaded the lyrics to almost 250,000 songs composed between 1960 and 2007. They found the lyrics got steadily more depressing up until 1985 and then levelled off around 1990. This decline was seen across all musical genres.
5.个人身份认同
5. Personal identity
排在第五位的认同感。我们喜欢的音乐类型往往是与自己相关的。即使像摇滚、古典以及蓝调这种最宽泛的音乐类型也能描绘出一个人的画面。我们似乎还可以通过音乐挖掘自身:它可以告诉我们是谁、属于哪里。我们通过音乐构筑并投射出我们。
In at five is identity. The type of music we like expresses something about ourselves. Even the broadest genres like rock, classical and blues begin to give us a picture of a person. We also seem to discover ourselves through music: it can teach is who we are and where we belong. Through music we can build up and project an image of ourselves.
越来越自恋是流行音乐的一个普遍发展趋势。一份对于美国1980年到2007年期间排行榜前十歌曲的研究德瓦尔等人(2001)发现,在这段时间里,与反社会和自我为中心相关的态度在歌词中体现的越来越多;与此同时,关于积极情绪、社会互动和关注他人的内容逐渐减少。
One general trend in popular music is towards greater narcissism. A study has examined the lyrics of the top 10 songs in the U.S. between 1980 and 2007 (DeWall et al., 2011). This found that lyrics related to antisocial behaviour and self-focus increased over the period. On the other hand, over the same time, lyrics related to positive emotions, social interaction and a focus on others have decreased.
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2011-06-02 12:34 编辑:kuaileyingyu
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