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英语四级考试阅读15选10深度解题方案

所属:四六级英语 阅读:2678 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]
 

这篇选词填空是2007年6月的四级考试真题,学生普遍反映很难,因为绝大多数的备选单词都不认识,这也是这种题型成为中国学生最崩溃的题型的最本质的和最无奈的原因,好废话不多说,上题!

Years ago, doctors often said that pain was a normal part of life. In particular, when older patients __47__ of pain, they were told it was a natural part of aging and they would have to learn to live with it.

Times have changed. Today, we take pain __48__. Indeed, pain is now considered the fifth vital sign, as important as blood pressure, temperature, breathing rate and pulse in __49__ a person’s well-being. We know that chronic (慢性的) pain can disrupt (扰乱) a person’s life, causing problems that __50__ from missed work to depression.

That’s why a growing number of hospitals now depend upon physicians who __51__ in pain medicine. Not only do we evaluate the cause of the pain, which can help us treat the pain better, but we also help provide comprehensive therapy for depression and other psychological and social __52__ related to chronic pain. Such comprehensive therapy often __53__ the work of social workers, psychiatrists (心理医生) and psychologists, as well as specialists in pain medicine.

This modern __54__ for pain management has led to a wealth of innovative treatments which are more effective and with fewer side effects than ever before. Decades ago, there were only a __55__ number of drugs available, and many of them caused __56__ side effects in older people, including dizziness and fatigue. This created a double-edged sword: the medications helped relieve the pain but caused other problems that could be worse than the pain itself.

A)  result

I)    determining

B)  involves

J)   limited

C)  significant

K)  gravely

D)  range

L)   complained

E)   relieved

M) respect

F)   issues

N)  prompting

G)  seriously

O)  specialize

H)  magnificent

 

Step One


第一步是每位学生都要去做的,就是把15个单词通过后缀进行词性分类,但是通常我的习惯是遇到动词进行二次分类:确定时态,确定单三还是非单三;遇到名词 确定单数还是复数;我一直认为单词不认识不应该成为学生放弃选词填空的原因,在做第一步之前我先把4级历年真题选词填空中出现频率最高的后缀全部列举出 来:

名词后缀:tion/sion/ness/ment/er/or/ist/ism

形容词后缀:able/al/ant/ent/tive/sive/ous/less/ed/ing

动词后缀:ate/lize/ing/ed

副词后缀:ly/ward/wise

在历年真题中只要出现ly一定为副词,这是频率

好,我们开始分类:

名词单数:A)  result(结果)   M)  respect(尊重)

可能的名词复数:F)   issues  B) involves

动词原形: O)  specialize  M) respect(尊重)

动词进行时:I)  determining(决定,确定)   N) prompting

动词过去式:J) limited(限制)   L) complained(抱怨)  E) relieved

可能的动词单三:B) involves   F) issues

形容词:C) significant   H)magnificent   J)  limited(有限的)

副词:G) seriously(严肃的)   K)  gravely

不能确定的:D) range

Step Two

回到原文确定空内应填入的词性、单复数形式、动词时态以及其他语法现象。具体怎么操作,我会在接下来第三步解题的时候具体讲解。

Step Three

具体分析,重点打击,先易后难。怎么操作?我现在开始讲解:

47题: when older patients __47__ of pain,前面是patients为复数名词,后面是of,确定应填入一个动词;后半句为they were told告诉我们填入过去时动词,满足此题的单词分别是:J) limited  L)complained  E)relieved,根据本句中的pain(痛苦),确定L)complained(抱怨)与pain(痛苦)的感情方向一致。

48题:前面是we take pain __48__,确定应填入副词来修饰take,满足的单词有 G)  seriously 严肃的  K)  gravely,由于是pain(痛苦),搭配严肃,如果这两个单词都不认识也是2猜1。

49题:in __49__ a person’s well-being. 我们知道,in后面跟两种词性,名词或动名词,比如spend time in doing sth, 所以满足的单词有 I)  determining决定,确定 N) prompting,2猜1

50题:causing problems that __50__ from missed work to depression.,由于有from---to---,所以填入动词单配这两个介词,由于没有任何特殊信息词,本题填入一个动词原形,由于前面是 problems这个复数,所以排掉B)involves,满足的只有  O)  specialize,D)range,两个都不认识,先放着不管,待会再结合处理。

51题:now depend upon physicians who __51__ in pain medicine,后面是in,确定填动词搭配in,前面是physicians who,人作主语,并且是复数,所以必须是动词原形,满足的单词依然是O) specialize ,D)range,我们可以将50和51题全部填入O)    specialize,结果是必对一道,有时候放弃是为了得到。

52题:other psychological and social __52__,前面是psychological and social这两个形容词,空内应该填入名词,由于是other,要求我们填入一个名词复数,满足的只有一个单词F)issues  B)involves,二选一,别着急,让我们看下一道题。

53题:. Such comprehensive therapy often __53__ the work,前面是often,要求空内填入实义动词,Such comprehensive therapy明显是单数,不认识也无所谓,确定空内的填入的单三形式的动词,满足的是F)issues  B)involves,知道怎么样最功利吗,那就是这道题和上面的52题都填入其中一个,结果依然必对一道!!!

54题:This modern __54__ for pain management,前面是形容词modern,要求填入名词被它修饰,满足的是A)result结果   M)respect(尊重),空后是介词for ,有一点基础的人都知道 M) respect(尊重)最搭配for,所以也就排除了它作为动词原形的可能性,所以现在知道我为什么将51题的满足单词固定为O) specialize ,D)range了吗?

55题:there were only a __55__ number of drugs available,根据后面的名词number,和前面的a,我们确定为形容词修饰number,满足的有C) significant  H)magnificent  J)  limited(有限的),同学们,看到了only了吗?答案是 limited。

56题:and many of them caused __56__ side effects,后面是名词概念side effects,填入形容词来修饰吧!满足的只有C) significant  H)magnificent,2猜1吧,结合49题2猜1,几率是两道2猜1,两道可以对一道。

5
2011-05-31 10:19 编辑:甯老师
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