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只玩游戏不看书 电脑破坏儿童阅读能力

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小编摘要:电脑时代,很多孩子不是看书,而是玩电脑游戏。研究人员警告说,电脑游戏正在损害儿童的阅读能力。

只玩游戏不看书  电脑破坏儿童阅读能力



电脑正在“破坏儿童阅读能力,因为他们不看图书馆的书了”
Computers are 'wrecking children's reading skills as they abandon library books' 
昨晚研究人员警告说,电脑游戏正在损害儿童的阅读能力。
Computer games are harming children’s reading,  researchers warned last night. 
他们发现在那些每家拥有至少一台电脑的国家,9岁和10岁儿童的阅读能力正在下降。
They found that the reading ability of nine and ten-year-olds has slumped in countries where households have at least one computer. 
这一来自瑞典哥德堡大学的研究团队对比了瑞典、美国、意大利以及匈牙利的9、10岁儿童的阅读能力。
The team from Gothenburg University in Sweden compared the reading skills of pupils aged nine and ten in Sweden, the U.S., Italy and Hungary
结果发现,自从1991年以来美国和瑞典儿童的平均阅读水平持续下降,而拥有较少家庭电脑的意大利和匈牙利儿童的水平却有所上升。
They found that since 1991 average reading ability had fallen in the U.S. and Sweden, but had increased in Italy and Hungary, where people are less likely to have computers at home. 
美国、瑞典两国的儿童也较少借阅图书馆的书籍,而且休闲时选择读书的时间也更少。
Children in the U.S. and Sweden also took out fewer books from the library and spent less of their leisure time reading. 
研究也发现,男孩的阅读能力较女孩降低地更多些,可能是因为他们花更多时间在电子游戏上。
The researchers found that boys’ ability had decreased slightly more than girls, possibly because  they tended to spend more time on video games. 
领导这次研究的Monica Rosen教授说:“在孩子们课余使用电脑情况增长的同时,阅读能力也下降了。”
Professor Monica Rosen, who led the research, said: ‘Reading ability falls as leisure use of computers increases. 
“这说明武断地说阅读能力下降完全是因为教育的不足是不对的。”
'It is important that we do not jump to the conclusion that the complete explanation for poorer reading is deficiencies in education. 
“相反电脑影响阅读的情况说明,课余时间对提升高水平的阅读技巧来说同等重要。”
‘On the contrary, the way in which computers undermine reading shows very clearly that leisure time is at least as important when it comes to developing high-quality reading skills.’
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2011-05-27 16:56 编辑:juliatt
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