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六一国际儿童节来历

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小编摘要:我们中国人常说的儿童节其实全称应该是“六一国际儿童节”。那么你知道这个节日的由来是什么?其实,这个快乐的节日的背后是一个悲伤的故事。

儿童节的来历

儿童节,也叫"六一国际儿童节",每年的6月1日举行,是全世界少年儿童的节日。

1949年11月,国际民主妇女联合会在莫斯科举行理事会议,中国和各国代表愤怒地揭露了帝国主义分子和各国反动派残杀、毒害儿童的罪行。为了保障世界各国儿童的生存权、保健权和受教育权,为了改善儿童的生活,会议决定以每年的6月1日为国际儿童节。

在此以前,世界上的许多国家就有儿童节。1925年,国际儿童幸福促进会倡议建立儿童纪念日,英国、美国、日本等国积极响应,先后建立了自己国家的儿童节,英国规定每年的7月14日为儿童节,美国规定5月1日为儿童节。日本的儿童节很特殊,分男女儿童节,男儿童节5月5日、女儿童节3月3日。我国在1931年也曾经规定4月4日为中国儿童节。

自从1949年确立6月1日为国际儿童节以后,世界各国纷纷废除原来的儿童节,而统一为"六一国际儿童节"。我国中央政府1949年12月宣布:以"六一国际儿童节"代替原来的"四四儿童节",并规定少年儿童放假一天。

Children's day, also known as "June 1 International Children's Day," the annual June 1, the world of children's festivals. November 1949, the Women's International Democratic Federation council meeting held in Moscow. China and other countries and representatives of countries and anger exposed the imperialist reactionaries kill and poison children. In order to protect the world's children to survival, health and education, to improve the lives of children. The meeting decided in the annual June 1 International Children's Day.

The International Children's Day (ICD) is celebrated in numerous countries, usually (but not always) on June 1 each year.

The ICD had its origin in the World Conference for the Wellbeing of Children in Geneva, Switzerland in 1925. It is not clear as to why June 1 was chosen as the ICD: one theory has it that the Chinese consul-general in San Francisco (USA) gathered a number of Chinese orphans to celebrate the Dragon Boat Festival in 1925, which happened to be on June 1 that year, and also coincided with the conference in Geneva.

June 1 has since been observed as the ICD by numerous countries, especially by Communist countries; in the Western world the ICD is usually celebrated on other days of the year (if at all), and there is often little public awareness about these celebrations. (See the section on Germany below for further discussions.) Consequently there is sometimes a misperception that June 1 as the ICD was a Communist invention. Nonetheless, in recent years even some groups within the United States started observing the ICD on June 1.

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2011-05-25 17:11 编辑:红木梳子
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  • 99027074 说:

    马上就快儿童节了,应该回想下童年的时光 ,,祝现在还处于童年与已经远离童年的你,儿童节快乐!!!!!!!!

    2011-05-26 09:07 回复 支持(0) 反对(0) 沙发
  • lucia0_0 说:

    The ICD had its origin in the World Conference for the Wellbeing of Children in Geneva, Switzerland in 1925. It is not clear as to why June 1 was chosen as the ICD: one theory has it that the Chinese consul-general in San Francisco (USA) gathered a number of Chinese orphans to celebrate the Dragon Boat Festival in 1925, which happened to be on June 1 that year, and also coincided with the conference in Geneva.

    国际儿童节起源于1925年召开于瑞典日内瓦的一场旨在促进儿童康乐的会议.人们并不清楚,为何选择六月一日为儿童节.有一种说法就是,当年一位中国驻美圣弗朗西斯科的总领事曾带领一群中国孤儿举行了一场龙舟赛,恰好就在六月一日这天,这个时间点刚好同日内瓦会议吻合.

    2011-06-01 14:04 回复 支持(1) 反对(1) 板凳
  • wqfwj 说:

    请问这话是对我说的么?:P

    2011-06-01 15:33 回复 支持(1) 反对(0) 地板
  • sevenan520 说:

    曾几何时,我们也度过这节日!!

    2011-06-02 13:42 回复 支持(0) 反对(0) 4 楼
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