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美国居民状告百度侵犯言论自由

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小编摘要:一群纽约居民把百度(Baidu)告上了法庭,指控这家中国最大的在线搜索引擎涉嫌违反美国宪法。此举将中国覆盖广泛、日趋严厉的互联网审查制度推到了聚光灯下。

美国居民状告百度侵犯言论自由


一群纽约居民把百度(Baidu)告上了法庭,指控这家中国最大的在线搜索引擎涉嫌违反美国宪法。此举将中国覆盖广泛、日趋严厉的互联网审查制度推到了聚光灯下。
A group of New York residents is suing Baidu, China’s largest online search engine, for alleged violation of the US constitution, putting a spotlight on China’s wide-ranging and ever stricter internet censorship regime.
在周三呈交曼哈顿地区法院的诉状中,8名原告指控百度在搜索结果中屏蔽了他们有关中国人权和民主的文章与视频,侵犯了他们的言论自由权。起诉书中把中国政府列为共同被告。
In a suit filed in the US district court in Manhattan on Wednesday, the eight plaintiffs accuse Baidu of having violated their right of free speech by excluding their writings and videos about human rights and democracy in China from its search results. The filing lists the Chinese state as co-defendant.
起诉书称,百度“配合和依据(中国的)政策和法规在美国主动审查内容”。起诉书中把百度称作中国政府“反民主政策的一个代理人和执行者”。
Baidu “proactively censors its content here in the United States in co-operation with and according to [China’s] policies and regulations”, the filing said. It called the company an “agent and enforcer of the anti-democracy policies” of the Chinese government.
这些原告都有中文名,但无法立刻确定他们是美国籍还是中国籍。本案会给百度带来什么法律结果,目前不得而知。但有一点可以确定:在美国,围绕促进网络言论自由、遏制企图限制这种自由的政府的讨论,将因此变得更加激烈。
The plaintiffs have Chinese names, but it could not immediately be established whether they are US or Chinese citizens. It is unclear what legal consequences the case could have for Baidu, but it is certain to fuel debate in the US over how to promote freedom of speech on the web and rein in governments that seek to limit it.
美国国务卿希拉里•克林顿(Hillary Clinton)曾多次表示,促进网络言论自由是美国政府的一个重要政策目标。美国参议员理查德•德宾(Richard Durbin)本月致函百度,说他准备提出立法建议,让企业为触犯人权的行为承担责任。他表示,由于百度在美国上市,所以这项立法将对百度同样适用。
Hillary Clinton, secretary of state, has repeatedly said the promotion of free speech online is a key policy goal. Richard Durbin, a US senator, this month wrote in a letter to Baidu that he planned to propose legislation which would make companies liable for violations of human rights. Such legislation would cover Baidu, he said, because the company was listed in the US.
中国政府周四对这起诉讼予以驳斥,表示中国政府对互联网的管理符合国际通行做法,属于主权行为。“根据国际法,外国法院没有管辖权,”外交部官员姜瑜说。
The Chinese government on Thursday dismissed the lawsuit, arguing that its management of the internet was in line with international practice and a sovereign act. “According to international law, foreign courts have no jurisdiction,” said Jiang Yu, a foreign ministry official.
与百度关系密切的消息人士表示,百度在美国没有业务,在纳斯达克上市的也只是旗下在开曼群岛注册的一家控股公司,这几名原告怎么想到诉诸于美国法律,让人奇怪。百度的发言人拒绝置评。
Sources close to Baidu said it was a mystery how the plaintiffs intended to make US law apply, since Baidu had no operations in the US and the company listed on Nasdaq is a Cayman Islands-registered holding. A Baidu spokesman declined to comment.
在过去,中国的互联网审查政策针对的主要是外国公司。去年谷歌(Google)将其中国内地的在线搜索服务转到香港站点,以便不必再奉北京之命审查搜索结果。此后,谷歌在中国内地在线搜索市场的占有率下降到了20%以下,而百度的市场占有率则扩大到75%以上。
In the past, China’s internet censorship policies have mainly hurt foreign companies. Google saw its share of the Chinese online search market melt to less than 20 per cent after it moved its mainland web search services to its Hong Kong site last year so it would no longer censor search results at Beijing’s behest. Baidu’s market share has since risen to more than 75 per cent.
在2004年,雅虎(Yahoo)曾向中国政府提供了一名中国记者的电子邮件地址,帮助政府追查这名记者。
In 2004 it emerged that Yahoo had released to Chinese authorities a Chinese journalist’s e-mails used to prosecute him.
中国政府要求所有在境内提供互联网内容服务的公司实施自我审查。中国互联网企业因此雇用了成千上百的人手来监控和审查内容。
Beijing requires all companies offering internet content services in China to censor that content. Chinese internet companies employ hundreds of staff to monitor and censor content
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2011-05-25 10:59 编辑:典典
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