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考研英语作文“靓词替换”全攻略

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     作文是各类英语考试中得分较低的一种题型,究其原因,除了平时缺少练习之外,同学们还缺乏作文抓分技巧。同学们需要掌握一定的作文模板,除此之外,如果能在作文中设置一些词汇和句型的闪光点,必定使你的作文如虎添翼。
    
    高分作文标志:
    
    1、是否长短句交叉;2、是否会使用插入语;3、用词是否多样、准确、形象,尽量使用能够吸引阅卷老师眼球的闪光词; 4、关键词是否换用,切勿老用重复词; 5、句型使用是否准确、地道。
    
    下面给出写好一篇作文的注意事项:
    
    1.适当用被动替换主动,这样能更客观地反映事实。句子开头不要总是用we / I (比如写结尾时不用we should pay attention to而用Attention should be paid to. ) 举个经典结尾的例子:It is ,therefore, high time that some applicable approaches were implemented by the service industry like that. By doing so,its competitive edge will be sharpened effectively.
    
    2.善于使用插入语,比如说把副词、连接词等,作为插入语放在中间,一般放在主语、动词或者助动词后,两边分别加上逗号。 如however / therefore /for example/I believe 做插入语放在中间,一般放在动词、助动词后,两边分别加上逗号。举例如下: Other individuals, however, take the attitude that …
    
    3.一定要学会换词,换形象,具体的替换太宽泛的。(考试中一般不要出现good, bad , many, thing, think, people, opinion 等等)比如第一条的例子中,applicable替换proper; approaches替换ways; implement替换carry out; sharpen one’s competitive edge替换enhance one’s competitiveness(提高某物竞争力)。
    
    下面举一篇某位同学写的优秀作文的例子,看看他是如何运用各类写作技巧的。这位同学把老师上课讲的各类写作手法,精彩替换和句型都用上了,作文有了很大的提高。
    
    I never forget the exceedingly thrilling day when my mother bought me a computer as birthday present, which exerted a tremendous fascination on me so that I indulged myself in googling an army of useful information i had expected ,and enjoy a sea of melodious classic music. That night I was sleepless, feeling that the whole world belonged to me.
    
    exceedingly 替换 very;(个人认为替换成overwhelmingly更出彩)
    
    thrilling 替换 exciting;
    
    sth. exerts a tremendous fascination on sb 替换 sb. be interested in sth;
    
    google 替换 search;
    
    an army of 替换 a lot of。
    
    The dawn of the new century witnessed the increasing popularity of computers. Coincident with the advancement of science and technology, computers pouring into the current society as a fashion are appealing to growing individuals. It is no exaggeration to say we have been submerged by them, in large measure!
    
    The dawn of the new century witnessed 是一个精彩句型,用来描述在某个时期发生了什么事情;
    
    Increasing popularity 替换 more and more popular;
    
    Coincident with … 非常地道的句型,表达“与…一致”的意思,替换 With …;
    
    Advancement 替换 development;
    
    Pour into ( flood into / swarm into )替换 enter into;
    
    Current ( currently )替换 now;
    
    Appeal to sb. 替换 sb. be interested in sth.;
    
    Growing individuals 替换 more and more people;
    
    It is no exaggeration to say 经典句型, 说某事是毫不夸张的。 (it goes without exaggeration that更好)
    
    For a start, we can, freely, search desired information at any moment . Little by little, our knowledge will be well enriched, and our horizons will be greatly broadened. Additionally, we can get huge recreations online by chatting, playing games, or delivering email.
    
    For a start 替换 To begin with;
    
    We can, freely, search 用了插入语的写作手法;
    
    our knowledge will be well enriched, and our horizons will be greatly broadened. 用了非常精彩的被动;
    
    Additionally 替换 In addition / Besides;
    
    Deliver 替换 send。
    
    There is no denying that , however, computers can function in the disservice of human beings, in a way, especially the growing violence ,***, porn pictures, AV-films emerging on the screen , which leads quiet a few net citizens to copying.
    
    There is no denying that , however, computers can function in the disservice of human beings, 这个句子有三个精彩之处,首先There is no denying that这个句型;其次however作为插入语;再次,function in the disservice of 替换 do harm to。
    
    Emerging 替换 appearing ( fading 替换 disappearing );
    
    Net citizen 网民,属于精彩用词。(直接用 netizen更好)
    
    As a classic proverb goes that no garden has no weeds. Computers do play a positive role in the development of people' lives, despite a slice of unfavorable impacts. We should ,therefore, take advantage of the fruits and avoid the opposite facet.
    
    No garden has no weeds 替换 Every coin has two sides;
    
    Computers do play ,使用do 表示强调;
    
    Positive 替换 important / good 等;
    
    A slice of 替换 a part of;
    
    Unfavorable 替换 bad;
    
    Impacts 替换 effects / influences;
    
    We should, therefore, take advantage of … 使用插入语;
    
    Fruits (而且fruits 用的非常形象, merits/ virtues) 替换 advantage ( defects 替换 disadvantage ) ;
    
    Facet 替换 aspect。
    
    以下是45个最经典的替换词,各位同学可以参考一下:
    
    1.individuals,characters, folks替换people ,persons.
    
    2.positive, favorable, rosy (美好的),promising (有希望的),perfect, pleasurable , excellent, outstanding, superior替换good.
    
    3.dreadful, unfavorable, poor, adverse, ill (有害的)替换bad (如果bad做表语,可以有be less impressive替换。 )
    
    eg.An army of college students indulge themselves in playing games, enjoying romance with girls/boys or killing time passively in their dorms. When it approaches to graduation ,as a result, they find their academic records are less impressive.
    
    4.an army of, an ocean of, a sea of, a multitude of ,a host of, many, if not most替换many.
    
    注:用many, if not most 一定要小心,many后一定要有词。
    
    Eg. Many individuals, if not most, harbor the idea that….同理 用most, if not all ,替换most.
    
    5.a slice of, quiet a few 替换some.
    
    6.harbor the idea that, take the attitude that, hold the view that, it is widely shared that, it is universally acknowledged that替换think (因为是书面语,所以要加that)。
    
    7.affair ,business ,matter 替换thing.
    
    8.shared 代 common .
    
    9.reap huge fruits 替换get many benefits.
    
    10.for my part ,from my own perspective 替换 in my opinion.
    
    11.Increasing(ly),growing 替换more and more( 注意没有growingly这种形式。所以当修饰名词时用increasing/growing.修饰形容词,副词用increasingly.)
    
    Eg.sth has gained growing popularity. Sth is increasingly popular with the advancement of sth.
    
    12.little if anything或little or nothing替换hardly.
    
    13.beneficial, rewarding替换helpful.
    
    14.shopper,client,consumer,purchaser 替换customer.
    
    15.overwhelmingly,exceedingly,extremely, intensely 替换very.
    
    16.hardly necessary, hardly inevitable ... 替换 unnecessary, avoidable.
    
    17.indispensable替换necessary
    
    18.sth appeals to sb, sth exerts a tremendous fascination on sb 替换sb take interest in / sb. be interested in.
    
    19.capture one's attention替换attract one's attention.
    
    20.facet,demension,sphere代aspect.
    
    21.be indicative of ,be suggestive of ,be fearful of代 indicate, suggest ,fear.
    
    22.give rise to, lead to, result in, trigger 替换cause.
    
    23. There are several reasons behind sth 替换..reasons for sth.
    
    24.desire 替换want.
    
    25.pour attention into 替换pay attention to.
    
    26.bear in mind that 替换remember.
    
    27. enjoy, possess 替换have(注意process是过程的意思)。
    
    28. interaction替换communication.
    
    29.frown on sth替换 be against , disagree with sth .
    
    30.to name only a few, as an example替换 for example, for instance.
    
    31. next to / virtually impossible替换nearly / almost impossible.
    
    32.regarding/concerning 替换about.
    
    33.crucial/paramount 替换important.
    
    34.第一(in the first place/the first and foremost);第二(there is one more point ,I should touch on, that….);第三(the last but not the least).
    
    35. assiduous替换hard-working
    
    36. arduous替换difficult
    
    37.underdeveloped/financially-challenged 替换poor(因为poor通常含有贬义)
    
    38. demonstrate /manifest 替换show
    
    39. invariably 替换always
    
    40. perilous/hazardous替换dangerous(写社会类作文时常用,说什么社会现象是不好的,有害的)
    
    41. formidable 替换difficult
    
    42. quintessential 替换typical(举例时常用,例如:a quintessential example should be cited that=for example; for instance)
    
    43. distinguished 替换famous
    
    44. feasible替换possible
    
    45. consequently, accordingly替换so
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2011-05-23 15:06 编辑:甯老师
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