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新东方英语四级考试词汇笔记6-1

所属:四六级英语 阅读:2403 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

关于逗号的一些知识

原则:逗号没有能力连接两个单独的句子。

如何区分短语与句子?一个结构如果有完整的谓语部分就是句子。

何为完整的谓语部分?如果能判断出一个结构的时态就可以称这个结构为完整的谓语部分。

在什么样的情况下一个逗号可以将句子分成两部分,而这两部分都有完整的谓语呢?

1 两个句子中间有连接词连接;

2 这两个句子是主从句关系(主从句之间一定要有句子引导词来引导)。

10. Walter offered us a lift when he was leaving the office, but our work _A_, we declined the offer. [declined v. 婉言谢绝]

A not being finished   B not having finished

C had not been finished   D was not finished

42. A survey was carrie3d out on the death rate of new-born babies in that region, _D_ were surprising. [survey 调查]

A as results   B which results   C the results of it   D the results of which

51. All flights _D_ because of the snowstorm, many passengers could no nothing but take the train. [having been canceled这里是独立主格作原因状语]

A had been canceled   B have been canceled

C were canceled   D having been canceled

-------------------------1999-01-------------------------

46. _A_ the calculation is right scientists can never be sure that they have included all variables and modeled them accurately. [variable n. 变项,变量;model vt. 建模]

A Even if   B As far as   C If only   D So long as

even if 即使,即便; so long as (后面加句子时)只要。

47. My train arrives in New York at eight o'clock tonight. The plane I would like to take from there _B_ by then.

A would leave   B will have left   C has left   D had left

将来完成时:will have + 动词过去分词。

49. Harry was _A_ by a bee when he was collecting the honey.

A stung   B stuck   C bitten   D scratched

sting v. (蜜蜂)叮,蛰; bite v. (蚊子等)咬; scratch vt. 抓伤,划破(通常指猫抓人)。

once bitten, twice shy. 一朝被蛇咬,十年怕井绳。

50. The thief tried to open the locked door but _B_.

A in no way   B in vain   C without effect   D at a loss

in vain 徒劳,白费工夫; But很少与介词without联用; at a loss 不知所措。

52. _B_ seeing the damage he had done, the child felt ashamed.

A By   B On   C At   D For

on后面加动词ing形式表示“在…之后”这个时间概念。

54. Research findings show we spend about two hours dreaming every night, no matter what we _C_ during the day.

A should have done   B would have done   C may have done   D must have done

should have + 动词过去分词,表示本应该做; may have + 动词过去分词,表示可能做过;

与过去事实相反的虚拟语气主句谓语动词的表达形式可能用到:would have + 动词过去分词。

must have + 动词过去分词,表示对过去行为进行肯定推测。表示一定做过;

can't have + 动词过去分词,表示对过去行为进行否定推测,表示不可能做过。

关于逗号的一些知识

原则:逗号没有能力连接两个单独的句子。

如何区分短语与句子?一个结构如果有完整的谓语部分就是句子。

何为完整的谓语部分?如果能判断出一个结构的时态就可以称这个结构为完整的谓语部分。

在什么样的情况下一个逗号可以将句子分成两部分,而这两部分都有完整的谓语呢?

1 两个句子中间有连接词连接;

2 这两个句子是主从句关系(主从句之间一定要有句子引导词来引导)。

10. Walter offered us a lift when he was leaving the office, but our work _A_, we declined the offer. [declined v. 婉言谢绝]

A not being finished   B not having finished

C had not been finished   D was not finished

42. A survey was carrie3d out on the death rate of new-born babies in that region, _D_ were surprising. [survey 调查]

A as results   B which results   C the results of it   D the results of which

51. All flights _D_ because of the snowstorm, many passengers could no nothing but take the train. [having been canceled这里是独立主格作原因状语]

A had been canceled   B have been canceled

C were canceled   D having been canceled

-------------------------1999-01-------------------------

46. _A_ the calculation is right scientists can never be sure that they have included all variables and modeled them accurately. [variable n. 变项,变量;model vt. 建模]

A Even if   B As far as   C If only   D So long as

even if 即使,即便; so long as (后面加句子时)只要。

47. My train arrives in New York at eight o'clock tonight. The plane I would like to take from there _B_ by then.

A would leave   B will have left   C has left   D had left

将来完成时:will have + 动词过去分词。

49. Harry was _A_ by a bee when he was collecting the honey.

A stung   B stuck   C bitten   D scratched

sting v. (蜜蜂)叮,蛰; bite v. (蚊子等)咬; scratch vt. 抓伤,划破(通常指猫抓人)。

once bitten, twice shy. 一朝被蛇咬,十年怕井绳。

50. The thief tried to open the locked door but _B_.

A in no way   B in vain   C without effect   D at a loss

in vain 徒劳,白费工夫; But很少与介词without联用; at a loss 不知所措。

52. _B_ seeing the damage he had done, the child felt ashamed.

A By   B On   C At   D For

on后面加动词ing形式表示“在…之后”这个时间概念。

54. Research findings show we spend about two hours dreaming every night, no matter what we _C_ during the day.

A should have done   B would have done   C may have done   D must have done

should have + 动词过去分词,表示本应该做; may have + 动词过去分词,表示可能做过;

与过去事实相反的虚拟语气主句谓语动词的表达形式可能用到:would have + 动词过去分词。

must have + 动词过去分词,表示对过去行为进行肯定推测。表示一定做过;

can't have + 动词过去分词,表示对过去行为进行否定推测,表示不可能做过。

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2011-05-16 08:02 编辑:甯老师
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