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春节小知识

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小编摘要:关于春节的小知识,你知道多少呢?

春节小知识

【基本词汇与短语】:

春节 The Spring Festival

农历 lunar calendar

正月 lunar January; the first month by lunar calendar

除夕 New Year‘s Eve; eve of lunar New Year

初一 the beginning of New Year

元宵节 The Lantern Festival

【风俗 Customs】:

过年 Guo-nian; have the Spring Festival

对联 poetic couplet: two successive rhyming lines in poetry

春联 Spring Festival couplets

剪纸 paper-cuts

买年货 special purchases for the Spring Festival ; do Spring Festival shopping

年画 New Year paintings

敬酒 propose a toast

灯笼 lantern: a portable light

烟花 fireworks

爆竹 firecrackers (People scare off evil spirits and ghosts with the loud pop.)

红包 red packets (cash wrapped up in red paper, symbolize fortune and wealth in the coming year.)

舞狮 lion dance (The lion is believed to be able to dispel evil and bring good luck.)

舞龙 dragon dance (to expect good weather and good harvests)

戏曲 traditional opera

杂耍 variety show; vaudeville

灯谜 riddles written on lanterns

灯会 exhibit of lanterns

守岁 staying-up

禁忌 taboo

拜年 pay New Year‘s call; give New Year‘s greetings; New Year‘s visit

去晦气 get rid of the ill- fortune

祭祖宗 offer sacrifices to one‘s ancestors

压岁钱 gift money; money given to children as a lunar New Year gift

【Culture Note】:Inthe old days, New Year‘s money was given in the form of one hundredcopper coins strung together on a red string and symbolized the hopethat one would live to be a hundred years old. Today, money is placedinside red envelopes in denominations considered auspicious and givento represent luck and wealth

辞旧岁 bid farewell to the old year

扫房 spring cleaning; general house-cleaning

标签:知识 春节
75
2012-01-19 11:19 编辑:kuaileyingyu
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