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男女有别:男决断,女思维开阔

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小编摘要:研究发现,男女有别,男性更有决断力,女性思维更开阔!

男女有别

 

对于那些曾经因为妻子要挑选晚上出门穿的衣服而苦苦等待的男人来说,这一研究结果并不会让他们惊讶。
It will come as no surprise to any man who has waited for his wife to choose what to wear for a night out.
现在科学家已证实女人是比较不善于决断的那一方。
But scientists have now proved that women are the less decisive sex.
但是,男人的决断力并非总是有利的,研究发现,男性更可能做出“非黑即白”的绝对化的判断。
While, of course, the tendency is not always a helpful one, the study found that men are more likely to leap to ‘black-or-white’ judgments.
而女人的思维一般会更开阔,能“看到更多的灰色地带”。
Women, on the other hand, tend to be open minded and ‘see more shades of grey’.
在这项涵盖了100多人的研究中,研究人员让被调查者判断50种物体是“部分”、“完全”还是“完全不”符合既定的类别。
In the study, more than 100 people were asked whether each of 50 objects fitted partially, fully or not at all into categories.
女性选择“部分符合”选项的可能性要高出23%。
Women were 23 per cent more likely to select the ‘partial’ option.
她们对于一些容易引起争议的问题会做出“不确定”的反应,例如“颜料是一种工具吗?”,或“西红柿是一种水果吗?”。
Their ‘indecisive’ responses were to questions likely to stimulate debate, such as ‘Is paint a tool?’ or ‘Is a tomato a fruit?’
在回答西红柿是不是水果这类问题时,大部分男性都很乐意给出确定答案,而女性会说西红柿“大概”属于水果类。
Most men were happy to decide, for example, that a tomato is either a fruit or not, while women say it can ‘sort of’ belong in the fruit category.
华威大学的研究人员扎克里?埃斯蒂斯博士说:“当然,我们不能仅仅因为在归类这方面发现两性的重大差异就认为其中一种思维方式就比另一种强。
Researcher Dr Zachary Estes, of Warwick University, said: ‘Of course, simply because we have found a significant sex difference in how men and women categorise does not mean that one method is intrinsically better than the other.
“例如,男医生也许更能够快速、确定地对一系列病症做出诊断。
‘For instance, male doctors may be more likely to quickly and confidently diagnose a set of symptoms as a disease.
“尽管这非常有助于及早对疾病进行治疗,但是如果诊断错误的话,显然也会造成严重损害。在许多情况下,对于归类或诊断采用更开放的思维方式会更有效。”
‘Although this brings great advantages in treating diseases early, it obviously has massive disadvantages if the diagnosis is actually wrong. In many cases, a more open approach to categorising or diagnosing would be more effective.’
这一结论也许可以解释为什么Lord Sugar在他的《学徒》真人秀中决定哪个候选人被解雇时可以如此得心应手。埃斯蒂斯博士说:“研究表明,男性会更适合需要做出决断性举动的职业环境,而女性更善于从事那些需要三思而后行的工作。”
In a conclusion that may explain why Lord Sugar is so at ease with his role choosing which candidate to fire on his show The Apprentice, Dr Estes added: ‘Men, it would seem, are more suited to occupational environments that require decisive action whereas women are better at jobs where a considered approach is most important.’
埃斯蒂斯博士说,这一性别差异和女性喜欢运用不确定的语言也是相一致的。
Dr Estes said the gender difference is also consistent with women’s use of tentative language.
他说:“总体来看,女性一般会用更多不确定的语言,说一些模棱两可的话,例如‘大概’和‘我不确定’等免责性的话。”
He said: ‘In general, women tend to use more tentative language such as hedges, for example ‘sort of’ and disclaimers like I’m not sure.’
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2011-04-21 09:08 编辑:kuaileyingyu
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