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名师点拨六级考试:听力选择题答题方法

所属:四六级英语 阅读:2514 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]
  一、基本解题技巧

  小对话解题技巧之一:视听反向原则、同义替换原则。


  视听反向原则是指,在小对话的题目中,看似明显被读到的选项反而更容易是错的。但须注意,当小对话原文本身较长或生僻词较多时,该原则可能会出现特例,如03年6月第8题。


  同义替换是指,若某一选项中的单词或短语是听力原文中单词或短语的同义形式,则该选项容易为正确。


  例题:


  2010年6月六级考试第11题


  A) The man failed to keep his promise。


  B) The woman has a poor memory。


  C) The man borrowed the book from the library。


  D) The woman does not need the book any more。


  原文:


  M: Oh, I’m so sorry I forgot to bring along the book you borrowed from the library。


  W: What a terrible memory you have! Anyway, I won’t need it until Friday night. As long as I can get it by then, OK?


  Q: What do we learn from this conversation?


  解析:可以明显看出,本题的答案为A。其中,另外三项的大部分单词或短语都被读到。


  例题:


  2010年6月六级考试第13题


  A) The printing on her T-shirt has faded。


  B) It is not in fashion to have a logo on a T-shirt。


  C) She regrets having bought one of the T-shirts。


  D) It is not a good idea to buy the T-shirt。


  原文:


  M: I think I’ll get one of those new T-shirts, you know, with the school’s logo on both the front and back。


  W: You’ll regret it. They are expensive, and I’ve heard the printing fades easily when you wash them。


  Q: What does the woman mean?


  解析:准确答案D。其中A和C中都有若干单词被读中,听到的慎选。


  例题:


  2010年6月六级考试第18题


  A) The speakers will dress formally for the concert。


  B) The man will return home before going to the concert。


  C) It is the first time the speakers are attending a concert。


  D) The woman is going to buy a new dress for the concert。


  原文:


  M: Honey, I’ll be going straight to the theatre from work this evening. Could you bring my suit and tie along?


  W: Sure, it’s the first performance of the State Symphony Orchestra in our city, so suit and tie is a must。


  Q: What do we learn from the conversation?


  解析:准确答案A。容易错选C,听到的慎选。正确答案A 中,dress formally和suit and tie同义替换。


  小对话解题技巧之二:动作题的处理方式。


  选项均以动词原形或to do形式开头的题目为动作题。放音时,注意抓情态动词(如could, should, would, may, can, have to, must等)和建议/请求句型(如Why not do…, Will you do…),其中包含的主要动作即为该题答案。


  例题:


  2010年6月六级考试第15题


  A) Leave Daisy alone for the time being。


  B) Go see Daisy immediately。


  C) Apologize to Daisy again by phone。


  D) Buy Daisy a new notebook。


  原文:


  M: Daisy was furious yesterday because I lost her notebook. Should I go see her and apologize to again?


  W: Well, if I were you, I’d let her cool off a few days before I approach her。


  Q: What does the woman suggest the man do?


  解析:准确答案A。这是一道动作题,原文中出现建议句型if I were you, I’d…所以答案即是…let her cool off a few days before I approach her的同义替换形式。此题另一难点在于A选项中短语for the time being意思是“目前暂时”。


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2011-04-18 16:51 编辑:甯老师
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