所属:四六级英语 阅读:3175 次 评论:2 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]


  cushy: very easy and pleasant; needing little or no effort(轻松愉快的;安逸的;不费劲的)

  ovation: enthusiastic clapping by an audience as a sign of their approval(热烈鼓掌;热烈欢迎)

  take to one's feet: 在这里相当于get to one's feet,意思是“站起来”。

  push paper: 做琐碎的工作

  percolate: to gradually become known or spread through a group or society(逐渐流传;传开)

  ergonomics: the study of working conditions, especially the design of equipment and furniture, in order to help people work more efficiently 工效学,人类工程学(研究如何改善工作条件,提高工作效率)

  cusp: a pointed end where two curves meet (两曲线相交的)尖点,会切点,交点

  varicose veins: 静脉曲张

  Mark Ramirez, a senior executive at AOL, could work in the cushiest leather chair, if he wanted. No, thanks. He prefers to stand most of the day at a desk raised above stomach level.
  "I've got my knees bent, I feel totally alive," he said. "It feels more natural to stand."
  In the past few years, standing has become the new sitting for 10 percent of AOL employees at the firm's Virginia campus, part of a standing ovation among accountants, programmers, telemarketers and other office workers across the nation.
  GeekDesk, a California firm that sells $800 desks raised by electric motors, says sales will triple this year.
  Standers give various reasons for taking to their feet: It makes them feel more focused, prevents drowsiness, makes them feel like a general even if they just push paper. (Former defense secretary Donald Rumsfeld works standing up. So does novelist Philip Roth.)
  But unknown to them, a debate is percolating among ergonomics experts and public-health researchers about whether all office workers should be encouraged to stand — to save lives.
  Doctors point to surprising new research showing higher rates of diabetes, obesity, heart disease and even mortality among people who sit for long stretches. A study earlier this year in the American Journal of Epidemiology showed that among 123,000 adults followed over 14 years, those who sat more than six hours a day were at least 18 percent more likely to die during the time period studied than those who sat less than three hours a day.
  "Every rock we turn over when it comes to sitting is stunning," said Marc Hamilton, a leading researcher on inactivity physiology at the Pennington Biomedical Research Center in Louisiana. "Sitting is hazardous. It's dangerous. We are on the cusp of a major revolution." He calls sitting "the new smoking."
  Not so fast, other experts say. Standing too much at work will cause more long-term back injuries. Incidences of varicose veins among women will increase. The heart will have to pump more.
  Hedge, the Cornell professor, isn't a fan of all this standing. "Making people stand all day is dumb," he said.
  The sensible and most cost-effective strategy, he said, is to sit in a neutral posture, slightly reclined, with the keyboard on a tray above the lap. This position promotes positive blood flow. Workers should occasionally walk around, stretch and avoid prolonged periods at the desk. The key, he said, is movement, not standing.
2011-04-19 10:42 编辑:甯老师