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新东方英语四级考试词汇笔记3-5

所属:四六级英语 阅读:2553 次 评论:0 条 [我要评论]  [+我要收藏]

29. Features such as height, weight, and skin color _B_ from individual to individual and from face to face.


A change   B vary   C alter   D convert


  individual n. 个人,个体; individualism n. 个人主义。


44. The hope, goals, fears and desires _D_ widely between men and women, between the rich and the poor.


A alter   B shift   C transfer   D vary


50. A man escaped from the prison last night. It was a long time _A_ the guards discovered what had happened.


A before   B until   C since   D when


It + 系动词 + 一段时间 + before引导的句子 在…之前花费多少时间。


54. Scientists say it may be five or ten years _D_ it is possible to test this medicine on human patients.


A since   B when   C after   D before


51. In the experiment we kept a watchful eye _D_ the developments and recorded every detail. [keep a watchful eye on 密切主意,留神]


A in   B at   C for   D on


52. There's little chance that mankind would _D_ a nuclear war.


A retain   B endure   C maintain   D survive


  retain vt. 保持,保留; endure v. 忍受; maintain vt. 维持,保持,坚持认为;


  survive vi. 生存; vt. 活过 … (宾语为某种灾难)。 survive a flood 活过一场洪水。


前缀sur表示过 … ,外,超; vive 表示生活,强调活着。


54. They usually have less money at the end of the month than _C_ at the beginning.


A which is   B which was   C they have   D it is


  less … than句子前后要平衡结构。


55. In the course of a day students do far more than just _A_ classes.


A attend   B attended   C to attend   D attending


far more than 远远多于,远不止于;也要句子前后平衡结构。


56. The French pianist [n. 钢琴师] who had been praised very highly _C_ to be a great disappointment.


A turned up   B turned in   C turned out   D turned down


turn up 后面不加宾语表示出现,后面加宾语表示将声音调高,调大;


turn in + 宾语 上缴,交出; turn down 将声音调低,调小;拒绝;


refuse sb. 指直接的回绝; turn sb. down 则指委婉的拒绝;


turn out + 动词不定式 最终证明是,结果是。


57. Many difficulties have _B_ as a result of the change over to a new type of fuel.


A risen   B arisen   C raised   D arrived


  因本句未加宾语,估不应选不及物动词,可排除C项; arrive vi. 到达,抵达;


  rise vi. 升起,升高(侧重指旗帜或太阳升起);数量的增高(侧重指水位、价位);


the sun rises in the east and sets in the west 太阳东升西落。


  arise vi. 升起,升高,出现,发生(经常与抽象名词联用)。


 


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2011-04-21 14:16 编辑:甯老师
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